en-fr  Texas Longhorns in State Parks
Parcs nationaux avec des Longhorns du Texas : Parc national de Copper Breaks, Parc national et site historique de Lyndon B. Johnson, Parc national de Palo Duro Canyon, Parc national de San Angelo, Texas Longhorn Legacy, des voyageurs traversant le Texas au début des années 1800 ont raconté avoir vu de nombreux troupeaux sauvages, souvent considérés comme des espèces indigènes. Les premiers Texans regardaient le bétail libre en tant que gibier, comme le cerf et le buffle, bien que très sauvage et encore plus difficile à chasser.

D'abord connu sous le nom de « Texas cattle », et plus tard, « Texas Longhorns », les animaux se sont répandus sur une vaste zone au moment où le Texas a gagné son indépendance du Mexique en 1836. Ils erraient de la rivière Rouge au Rio Grande, à l'est jusqu'à la ligne de Louisiane et à l'ouest jusqu'aux ruptures supérieures de la rivière Brazos. Ces premières bêtes à cornes, presque complètement sauvages, continuèrent à errer dans le Texas jusqu'à la fin de la guerre civile.

Le Grand Rassemblement du Bétail. Après la guerre civile, les anciens combattants du Texas sont rentrés chez eux dans un état pauvre et une économie dévastée. Heureusement, ils avaient accès à un produit commercialisable - des millions de bovins Longhorn sauvages.

Le transport de bovins du nord vers des marchés privés de boeuf présentait un défi. Ainsi commenca le bétail par voie de terre via des pistes de bétail célèbres telles que Western, Chisholm et Goodnight-Loving aux grands chantiers ferroviaires du Kansas, du Wyoming et d'autres États du Nord.

The End of an Era By the early 1900s, ranchers saw the longhorn as a less desirable breed of cattle. Rail access improved, barbed wire closed the open range, trail drives become memories, and ranchers no longer transported beef cattle to faraway markets. Ranchers favored European breeds that yielded more beef per animal, and the number of longhorns fell.

Texas Conservation Efforts A calf from the official state longhorn herd at San Angelo State Park.

Western writer J. Frank Dobie recognized the Texas Longhorn decline in the early 1920s. He felt it was important to preserve the breed that held such a significant place in Texas history. With help from businessman Sid Richardson and rancher Graves Peeler, Dobie procured a herd of typical longhorns. They donated the animals to the Texas Parks Board in 1941 as the state herd. The board placed the herd at Lake Corpus Christi State Park near Mathis. The search continued for more of the scarce longhorns. In 1942, the board placed a second herd at Lake Brownwood State Park.

As these sites were not ideal, the Texas State Parks Board began looking for a permanent home for the herd. The board chose Fort Griffin State Park (now the Texas Historical Commission’s Fort Griffin State Historic Site) as the longhorns’ permanent home in 1948.

The Texas Legislature recognized the herd with Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 79 on May 17, 1969.

Longhorns Today The Historical Commission and Texas State Parks now jointly manage the Official State of Texas Longhorn Herd. Members of the herd live at San Angelo, Copper Breaks, Palo Duro Canyon and Lyndon B. Johnson state parks.

Find more information on the Official State Longhorn Herd on the Texas Historical Commission website.

http://tpwd.texas.gov/state-parks/park-information/official-state-longhorn
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Fortunately, they had access to a marketable commodity—millions of wild longhorn cattle.
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Transporting cattle north to beef-starved markets presented a challenge.
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The board placed the herd at Lake Corpus Christi State Park near Mathis.
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The search continued for more of the scarce longhorns.
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In 1942, the board placed a second herd at Lake Brownwood State Park.
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79 on May 17, 1969.
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State Parks with Texas Longhorns:
Copper Breaks State Park
Lyndon B. Johnson State Park & Historic Site
Palo Duro Canyon State Park
San Angelo State Park
Texas Longhorn Legacy
Travelers crossing Texas in the early 1800s told stories of seeing many wild cattle, often thought to be native species. Early Texans looked on free-range cattle as game, much like deer and buffalo, albeit very wild and even more difficult to hunt.

First known as “Texas cattle,” and later, “Texas Longhorns,” the animals had spread over a wide area by the time Texas won its independence from Mexico in 1836. They ranged from the Red River to the Rio Grande, east to the Louisiana line and west to the upper breaks of the Brazos River. These early longhorns, almost completely wild, continued to roam Texas until the end of the Civil War.

The Great Cattle Drives
After the Civil War, Texas veterans returned home to a poor state and devastated economy. Fortunately, they had access to a marketable commodity—millions of wild longhorn cattle.

Transporting cattle north to beef-starved markets presented a challenge. Thus began overland cattle drives via famous cattle trails such as the Western, Chisholm and Goodnight-Loving to the great rail yards in Kansas, Wyoming and other northern states.

The End of an Era
By the early 1900s, ranchers saw the longhorn as a less desirable breed of cattle. Rail access improved, barbed wire closed the open range, trail drives become memories, and ranchers no longer transported beef cattle to faraway markets. Ranchers favored European breeds that yielded more beef per animal, and the number of longhorns fell.

Texas Conservation Efforts
A calf from the official state longhorn herd at San Angelo State Park.

Western writer J. Frank Dobie recognized the Texas Longhorn decline in the early 1920s. He felt it was important to preserve the breed that held such a significant place in Texas history. With help from businessman Sid Richardson and rancher Graves Peeler, Dobie procured a herd of typical longhorns. They donated the animals to the Texas Parks Board in 1941 as the state herd. The board placed the herd at Lake Corpus Christi State Park near Mathis. The search continued for more of the scarce longhorns. In 1942, the board placed a second herd at Lake Brownwood State Park.

As these sites were not ideal, the Texas State Parks Board began looking for a permanent home for the herd. The board chose Fort Griffin State Park (now the Texas Historical Commission’s Fort Griffin State Historic Site) as the longhorns’ permanent home in 1948.

The Texas Legislature recognized the herd with Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 79 on May 17, 1969.

Longhorns Today
The Historical Commission and Texas State Parks now jointly manage the Official State of Texas Longhorn Herd. Members of the herd live at San Angelo, Copper Breaks, Palo Duro Canyon and Lyndon B. Johnson state parks.

Find more information on the Official State Longhorn Herd on the Texas Historical Commission website.

http://tpwd.texas.gov/state-parks/park-information/official-state-longhorn