en-es  The Story of Abraham Lincoln: by James Baldwin, Part 8+9
La guerra de Halcón Negro.

Todavía había muchos indios en el Oeste. Los indios sauk habían vendido recientemente sus tierras en el norte de Illinois a los Estados Unidos. Entonces se habían trasladado por el río Misisipi a otras tierras que habían dispuesto para ellos.

Pero no les gustó su nuevo hogar. Finalmente, decidieron volver a sus antiguos terrenos de caza. Los guiaba un jefe cuyo nombre era Halcón Negro; y comenzaron matando a los colonos blancos y quemando sus casas y cultivos.

Esto fue en la primavera de 1832.

Todo el estado de Illinois estaba en alarma. El gobernador pidió voluntarios para ayudar a los soldados de los Estados Unidos a hacer retroceder a los indios.

Abraham Lincoln se alistó. Su compañía lo eligió capitán.

No sabía nada de táctica militar. No sabía cómo dar órdenes a sus hombres. Pero lo hizo lo mejor que pudo y aprendió mucho de la experiencia.

Su compañía marchó hacia el norte y hacia el oeste hasta que llegaron al río Mississippi. Pero no encontraron a ningún indio, por lo que no hubo enfrentamientos.

Los jóvenes bajo el mando del capitán Lincoln eran tipos rudos de las praderas y los bosques. Eran groseros en sus modales y difíciles de controlar. Pero tenían un gran respeto por su capitán.

Tal vez esto era a causa de su gran fuerza y su habilidad en la lucha; porque podía tumbar de espaldas al más agreste y más fuerte de ellos. Tal vez era porque era de carácter bondadoso y amable y, al mismo tiempo, muy firme y decidido.

En unas pocas semanas el tiempo por el que la compañía se había reclutado llegó a su fin. Los jóvenes estaban cansados de ser soldados; y así todos, excepto el capitán Lincoln y un hombre, estaban contentos de correr a casa.

Pero el capitán Lincoln nunca abandonaba algo a medio hacer. Se enroló de nuevo. Esta vez él era un particular en una compañía de guardas a caballo.

El campamento principal de los voluntarios y soldados estaba a orillas del río Rock, en el norte de Illinois.

Aquí, un día, Abraham Lincoln vio a un joven teniente del ejército de los Estados Unidos, cuyo nombre era Jefferson Davis. No es probable que el refinado joven oficial prestara atención al guarda rudamente vestido; pero ambos iban a saber más uno del otro en un tiempo futuro.

Tres semanas después de esto la guerra había terminado. Los indios habían sido vencidos en una batalla y Halcón Negro había sido tomado prisionero.

Pero Abraham Lincoln no había estado en ninguna lucha. No había visto indios que no fueran pacíficos.

En junio se disolvió su compañía y volvió a casa en New Salem.

Tenía entonces veintitrés años.

En la legistatura.

Cuando Abraham Lincoln volvió a New Salem era casi la fecha de las elecciones del estado. La gente de la población y los alrededores querían enviarlo a la legislatura y él aceptó a presentarse como candidato.

Fue en Pappsville, a doce millas de Springfield, donde dio su primer discurso de la campaña.

Dijo: "Caballeros y compañeros ciudadanos–". "Supongo que todos ustedes saben quién soy.

"Soy el humilde Abraham Lincoln. Mis amigos me han pedido que me presente a candidato para la legislatura.

"Mi política es breve y amable.

"Estoy a favor de un banco nacional; a favor del sistema de progreso interno y de un arancel proteccionista elevado.

"Estos son mis sentimientos y mis principios políticos. Si salgo elegido, estaré agradecido, en caso contrario, será lo mismo."

Era un tipo alto, desgarbado y de aspecto duro. Iba vestido con un traje vulgar, hecho en casa, de muy mal aspecto.

Unos pocos días después, hizo un discurso más largo y mejor en Springfield.

Pero no fue elegido.

Por esta época un tipo despreciable, cuyo nombre era Berry, persuadió a Mr. Linconl para que le ayudara a comprar un negocio en New Salem. Mr.Lincoln no tenía dinero, pero dio sus notas por la mitad del valor de la compra.

La aventura no fue lucrativa. En unos pocos meses se vendió el negocio; pero Abraham no recibió ni un dólar po él. Fue seis años antes de que fuera capaz de pagar las notas que había dado.

Durante todo este tiempo Mr. Lincoln no renunció a la idea de hacerse abogado. Compró una copia de segunda mano de _Blakstone's Commentaries_ en una subasta. Lo estudió con tanta diligencia que en unas pocas semanas lo dominaba entero.

Compró un antiguo libro de formularios y empezó a redactar contratos, escrituras y todo tipo de papeles legales.

A menudo caminaría hasta Springfield, a catorce millas, para tomar prestado un libro; y estudiaría a la perfección treinta o cuarenta páginas de él mientras retornaba a casa.

Pronto empezó a practicar a pequeña escala ante jueces de paz y jurados rurales. Fue nombrado jefe de correos en New Salem, pero llegaba tan poco correo al lugar que la oficina pronto fue suspendida.

Tenía casi veinticinco años. Pero, con todo su afán, apenas podía ganar suficiente dinero para pagar su pensión y su ropa.

Había aprendido un poco sobre agrimensura cuando vivía en Indiana. Ahora retomó el estudio nuevamente, y pronto fue nombrado agrimensor adjunto del condado de Sangamon.

Era un agrimensor muy capaz. Aunque solo tenía una rama de viña para medir, era muy preciso y nunca se equivocaba.

El año siguiente, se presentó otra vez como candidato para la legislatura. Esta vez, la gente era dispuesta a votar por él, y fue elegido. No era cosa fácil por un hombre tan joven ser eligido para ayudar a la elaboración de la leyes de su estado.

Nadie había tenido tan pocas ventajas como Abraham Lincoln. Cuando era niño, era el más pobre de los pobres. Ningún amigo rico le tendió una mano. ¡Pero mira lo que ya había logrado con agallas, perseverancia y honestidad!

No había tenido acceso a muchos libros, pero conocía los libros mejor que la mayoría de los hombres de su edad. Sabía la Biblia de memoria; estaba familiarizado con Shakespeare; podía repetir casi todos los poemas de Burns; sabía mucho sobre física y mecánica; dominaba los elementos de la ley.

Era torpe y estaba lejos de ser atractivo, pero era tan modesto, desinteresado y amable que todos los que lo conocían lo apreciaban. Era un verdadero caballero –un caballero en el corazón, si no en el brillo exterior.

Y así, como ya he dicho, Abraham Lincoln, a la edad de veinticinco años, fue elegido para la legislatura del estado. Sirvió tan bien al pueblo que cuando terminó su período, dos años después, lo enviaron de nuevo para otro período.

La capital de Illinois, hasta esa fecha, había sido Vandalia. Mr. Lincoln y sus amigos ahora consiguieron promulgar una ley para trasladarla a Springfield. Springfield estaba más cerca del centro del estado; era más conveniente para todos y tenía otras ventajas que Vandalia no tenía.

La gente de Springfield estaban tan encantados que instaron a Mr. Lincoln para que fuera allí y ejerciera el derecho. Otro viejo abogado, cuyo nombre era John Stuart, y que tenía mucha práctica, le ofreció tomarlo como socio.

Y así, en 1837, Abraham Lincoln dejó New Salem y se mudó a Springfield. No tenía mucho que llevar. Todos los bienes que tenía en el mundo eran un poco de ropa, que transportó en un par de alforjas, y dos o tres libros de derecho. No tenía dinero y cabalgó a Springfield en un caballo prestado.

Tenía entonces veintiocho años.

A partir de entonces Springfield fue su hogar.
unit 1
The Black Hawk War.
1 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
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There were still a good many Indians in the West.
1 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
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They had then moved across the Mississippi river, to other lands that had been set apart for them.
2 Translations, 8 Upvotes, Last Activity 5 months, 4 weeks ago
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But they did not like their new home.
1 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 6
At last they made up their minds to go back to their former hunting-grounds.
2 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 8
This was in the spring of 1832.
1 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 9
The whole state of Illinois was in alarm.
1 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 11
Abraham Lincoln enlisted.
1 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
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His company elected him captain.
1 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 13
He did not know anything about military tactics.
1 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 14
He did not know how to give orders to his men.
1 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
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But he did the best that he could, and learned a great deal by experience.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 16
His company marched northward and westward until they came to the Mississippi river.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
unit 17
But they did not meet any Indians, and so there was no fighting.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
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They were rough in their manners, and hard to control.
3 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
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But they had very high respect for their captain.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months ago
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In a few weeks the time for which the company had enlisted came to an end.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 25
But Captain Lincoln never gave up anything half done.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He enlisted again.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 27
This time he was a private in a company of mounted rangers.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 31
Three weeks after that the war was at an end.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 32
The Indians had been beaten in a battle, and Black Hawk had been taken prisoner.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 33
But Abraham Lincoln had not been in any fight.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 34
He had not seen any Indians, except peaceable ones.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 35
In June his company was mustered out, and he returned home to New Salem.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 36
He was then twenty-three years old.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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In the Legislature.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He said: "Gentlemen and fellow-citizens— "I presume you all know who I am.
2 Translations, 6 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
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"I am humble Abraham Lincoln.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 43
I have been solicited by my friends to become a candidate for the legislature.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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"My politics are short and sweet.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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"These are my sentiments and political principles.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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If elected, I shall be thankful; if not, it will be all the same."
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 48
He was a tall, gawky, rough-looking fellow.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 49
He was dressed in a coarse suit of homespun, much the worse for wear.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 50
A few days after that, he made a longer and better speech at Springfield.
2 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 51
But he was not elected.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 53
Mr. Lincoln had no money, but he gave his notes for the value of half the goods.
2 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
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The venture was not a profitable one.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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In a few months the store was sold; but Abraham did not receive a dollar for it.
2 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
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It was six years before he was able to pay off the notes which he had given.
2 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 57
During all this time Mr. Lincoln did not give up the idea of being a lawyer.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He bought a second-hand copy of _Blackstone's Commentaries_ at auction.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He studied it so diligently that in a few weeks he had mastered the whole of it.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He was nearly twenty-five years old.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He had learned a little about surveying while living in Indiana.
2 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He was very skilful as a surveyor.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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The next year he was again a candidate for the legislature.
3 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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This time the people were ready to vote for him, and he was elected.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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No man ever had fewer advantages than Abraham Lincoln.
3 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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As a boy, he was the poorest of the poor.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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No rich friend held out a helping hand.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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But see what he had already accomplished by pluck, perseverance, and honesty!
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He was a true gentleman—a gentleman at heart, if not in outside polish.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 83
The capital of Illinois had, up to this time, been at Vandalia.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 84
Mr. Lincoln and his friends now succeeded in having a law passed to remove it to Springfield.
2 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
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And so, in 1837, Abraham Lincoln left New Salem and removed to Springfield.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
unit 89
He did not have much to move.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He had no money, and he rode into Springfield on a borrowed horse.
2 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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He was then twenty-eight years old.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
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From that time on, Springfield was his home.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months ago
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The Black Hawk War.

There were still a good many Indians in the West. The Sac Indians had lately sold their lands in northern Illinois to the United States. They had then moved across the Mississippi river, to other lands that had been set apart for them.

But they did not like their new home. At last they made up their minds to go back to their former hunting-grounds. They were led by a chief whose name was Black Hawk; and they began by killing the white settlers and burning their houses and crops.

This was in the spring of 1832.

The whole state of Illinois was in alarm. The governor called for volunteers to help the United States soldiers drive the Indians back.

Abraham Lincoln enlisted. His company elected him captain.

He did not know anything about military tactics. He did not know how to give orders to his men. But he did the best that he could, and learned a great deal by experience.

His company marched northward and westward until they came to the Mississippi river. But they did not meet any Indians, and so there was no fighting.

The young men under Captain Lincoln were rude fellows from the prairies and backwoods. They were rough in their manners, and hard to control. But they had very high respect for their captain.

Perhaps this was because of his great strength, and his skill in wrestling; for he could put the roughest and strongest of them on their backs. Perhaps it was because he was good-natured and kind, and, at the same time, very firm and decisive.

In a few weeks the time for which the company had enlisted came to an end. The young men were tired of being soldiers; and so all, except Captain Lincoln and one man, were glad to hurry home.

But Captain Lincoln never gave up anything half done. He enlisted again. This time he was a private in a company of mounted rangers.

The main camp of the volunteers and soldiers was on the banks of the Rock river, in northern Illinois.

Here, one day, Abraham Lincoln saw a young lieutenant of the United States army, whose name was Jefferson Davis. It is not likely that the fine young officer noticed the rough-clad ranger; but they were to know more of each other at a future time.

Three weeks after that the war was at an end. The Indians had been beaten in a battle, and Black Hawk had been taken prisoner.

But Abraham Lincoln had not been in any fight. He had not seen any Indians, except peaceable ones.

In June his company was mustered out, and he returned home to New Salem.

He was then twenty-three years old.

In the Legislature.

When Abraham Lincoln came back to New Salem it was nearly time for the state election. The people of the town and neighborhood wanted to send him to the legislature, and he agreed to be a candidate.

It was at Pappsville, twelve miles from Springfield, that he made his first campaign speech.

He said: "Gentlemen and fellow-citizens—

"I presume you all know who I am.

"I am humble Abraham Lincoln. I have been solicited by my friends to become a candidate for the legislature.

"My politics are short and sweet.

"I am in favor of a national bank; am in favor of the internal improvement system, and a high protective tariff.

"These are my sentiments and political principles. If elected, I shall be thankful; if not, it will be all the same."

He was a tall, gawky, rough-looking fellow. He was dressed in a coarse suit of homespun, much the worse for wear.

A few days after that, he made a longer and better speech at Springfield.

But he was not elected.

About this time a worthless fellow, whose name was Berry, persuaded Mr. Lincoln to help him buy a store in New Salem. Mr. Lincoln had no money, but he gave his notes for the value of half the goods.

The venture was not a profitable one. In a few months the store was sold; but Abraham did not receive a dollar for it. It was six years before he was able to pay off the notes which he had given.

During all this time Mr. Lincoln did not give up the idea of being a lawyer. He bought a second-hand copy of _Blackstone's Commentaries_ at auction. He studied it so diligently that in a few weeks he had mastered the whole of it.

He bought an old form-book, and began to draw up contracts, deeds, and all kinds of legal papers.

He would often walk to Springfield, fourteen miles away, to borrow a book; and he would master thirty or forty pages of it while returning home.

Soon he began to practice in a small way before justices of the peace and country juries. He was appointed postmaster at New Salem, but so little mail came to the place that the office was soon discontinued.

He was nearly twenty-five years old. But, with all his industry, he could hardly earn money enough to pay for his board and clothing.

He had learned a little about surveying while living in Indiana. He now took up the study again, and was soon appointed deputy surveyor of Sangamon county.

He was very skilful as a surveyor. Although his chain was only a grape-vine, he was very accurate and never made mistakes.

The next year he was again a candidate for the legislature. This time the people were ready to vote for him, and he was elected. It was no small thing for so young a man to be chosen to help make the laws of his state.

No man ever had fewer advantages than Abraham Lincoln. As a boy, he was the poorest of the poor. No rich friend held out a helping hand. But see what he had already accomplished by pluck, perseverance, and honesty!

He had not had access to many books, but he knew books better than most men of his age. He knew the Bible by heart; he was familiar with Shakespeare; he could repeat nearly all the poems of Burns; he knew much about physics and mechanics; he had mastered the elements of law.

He was very awkward and far from handsome, but he was so modest, so unselfish and kind, that every one who knew him liked him. He was a true gentleman—a gentleman at heart, if not in outside polish.

And so, as I have already said, Abraham Lincoln, at the age of twenty-five, was elected to the state legislature. He served the people so well that when his term closed, two years later, they sent him back for another term.

The capital of Illinois had, up to this time, been at Vandalia. Mr. Lincoln and his friends now succeeded in having a law passed to remove it to Springfield. Springfield was nearer to the centre of the state; it was more convenient to everybody, and had other advantages which Vandalia did not have.

The people of Springfield were so delighted that they urged Mr. Lincoln to come there and practice law. An older lawyer, whose name was John T. Stuart, and who had a good practice, offered to take him in partnership with him.

And so, in 1837, Abraham Lincoln left New Salem and removed to Springfield. He did not have much to move. All the goods that he had in the world were a few clothes, which he carried in a pair of saddle-bags, and two or three law books. He had no money, and he rode into Springfield on a borrowed horse.

He was then twenty-eight years old.

From that time on, Springfield was his home.