en-es  The Story of Abraham Lincoln: by James Baldwin, Part 6+7
El barquero.

Uno de los amigos de Thomas Lincoln poseía un transbordador en el río Ohio. No era más que un bote de remos, y podía llevar solo tres o cuatro personas cada vez. Este hombre quería emplear a alguien para cuidar de su bote y transportar gente por el río.

Thomas Lincoln necesitaba dinero; así que organizó con su amigo que Abraham hiciera este trabajo. El salario del joven serían 2.50 $ a la semana. Pero todo el dinero iba a ser para su padre.

Un día, dos desconocidos llegaron al embarcadero. Querían tomar un pasaje en un barco de vapor que venía por el río. El barquero hizo una seña al barco de vapor y este se detuvo en medio del rio. Entonces, el muchacho remó con los dos pasajeros, y los subieron a bordo.

Justo cuando volvía a la orilla, cada uno de los desconocidos arrojó medio dólar en su bote. Cogió la plata y la miró. ¡Ah, qué rico se sentía! Nunca había tenido tanto dinero a la vez. ¡Y lo había conseguido todo por unos minutos de trabajo!

Cuando llegó el invierno, había menos personas que quisieran cruzar el río. Así que, finalmente, el bote transbordador quedó amarrado y Abraham Lincoln volvió a casa de su padre.

Ahora tenía diecinueve años. Era muy alto, casi un metro y noventa y tres centímetros. Era tan fuerte como un joven gigante. Podía saltar más alto y más lejos y correr más rápido que cualquiera de sus compañeros; y no había nadie que pudiera tumbarlo de espaldas.

Aunque siempre había vivido en una comunidad de gente ruda y tosca, no tenía malas costumbres. No usaba tabaco; no bebía licores fuertes; nunca habían salido palabras profanas de sus labios.

Tenía siempre buen carácter y era amable con todos.

Durante el invierno, Mr. Gentry, el tendero del pueblo, había comprado gran cantidad de maíz y cerdo. Pretendía cargarlo en una lancha de fondo plano en la primavera y mandarlo río abajo a Nueva Orleans.

Buscando a un capitán para hacerse cargo de la lancha, se le ocurrió pensar en Abraham Lincoln. Sabía que podía confiar en el joven. Y así pronto estuvo hecho el trato. Abraham aceptó pilotar la lancha hasta Nueva Orleans y allí vender el producto en el mercado; y Mr. Gentry tendría que pagar a su padre ocho dólares y medio al mes por sus servicios.

Tan pronto como se hubo derretido todo el hielo del río, comenzó el viaje. Aparte del capitán Lincoln solo había un hombre en la tripulación, y éste era un hijo de Mr. Gentry.

El viaje fue largo y agotador, pero finalmente los dos barqueros llegaron a la gran ciudad del sur. Aquí vieron muchas cosas extrañas de las que nunca habían oído antes. Pero pronto vendieron su carga y lancha y entonces volvieron a casa en un barco de vapor.

Para Abraham Lincoln el mundo era ahora muy diferente de lo que había parecido hasta entonces. Anhelaba estar lejos de la vida estrecha en los bosques del condado de Spencer. Anhelaba hacer algo para sí mismo, hacerse una fortuna y un nombre para sí.

Pero entonces recordaba las enseñanzas de su madre cuando estaba sentado en sus rodillas en la vieja casa de Kentucky, "haz siempre el bien". Recordaba sus últimas palabras, "sé que serás amable con tu padre".

Y así decidió permanecer con su padre, trabajar para él y darle sus ganancias hasta que tuviera veintiún años.

Los primeros años en Illinois.

A comienzos de la primavera de 1830 Thomas Lincoln vendió su granja en Indiana y toda la familia se trasladó a Illinois. Pusieron los objetos domésticos en un carro tirado por cuatro yuntas de bueyes. La amable madrastra y sus hermanas se montaron también en el carro.

Abraham Lincoln, con un largo látigo en su mano, caminaba fatigosamente por el barro por el borde del camino y guiaba a los bueyes. ¿Quién que lo viera yendo así hacia Illinois hubiera soñado que se transformaría en su tiempo en el más grande ciudadano del estado?

El viaje fue largo y duro; pero en dos semanas llegaron a Decatur, donde habían decidido hacer su nuevo hogar.

Abraham Lincoln tenía ya más de veintiún años. Era su propio dueño. Pero se quedó con su padre esa primavera. Le ayudó a cercar su terreno; le ayudó a plantar su maíz.

Pero su padre no tenía dinero para darle. La ropa del joven estaba raída y no tenía nada con que comprar otra. ¿Qué debía hacer?

A tres millas de la cabaña de su padre vivía una mujer ahorradora, llamada Nancy Miller. La señora Miller era propietaria de un rebaño de ovejas, y en su casa había una rueca y un telar que siempre estaban ocupados. Y por tanto debe saber que tejía una gran cantidad de vaqueros y telas hechas a mano.

Abraham Lincoln negoció con esta mujer para que le hiciera un par de pantalones. Acordó que por cada metro de tela necesaria, le partiría cuatrocientos troncos de valla.

Tuvo que partir mil cuatrocientos troncos en total; pero trabajó tan rápido que los terminó antes de que los pantalones estuvieran listos.

El abril siguiente vimos al joven Lincoln pilotando otra embarcación por el Mississippi hacia Nueva Orleans. Su compañero esta vez era pariente de su madre, John Hanks. Esta vez se quedó más tiempo en Nueva Orleans, y vio algunas cosas que apenas había notado en su primer viaje.

Vio grupos de esclavos que eran llevados por las calles. Visitó el mercado de esclavos y vio mujeres y niñas vendidas al mejor postor como ganado.

El joven, que no sería capaz de tratar mal a ningún ser vivo, se horrorizó al ver eso. "Su corazón sangraba; estaba enfadado, pensativo, triste y desesperado".

Le dijo a John Hanks, "si alguna vez tengo una oportunidad de golpear esa institución, la golpearé con fuerza, John".

Volvió de Nueva Orleans en julio. Mr. Offut, el propietario de la lancha plana que había dejado, lo empleó entonces como dependiente en una tienda de pueblo que tenía en New Salem.

New Salem era una pequeña población no lejos de Springfield.

EL joven Lincoln era un buen vendedor y todos los clientes lo apreciaban. Mr. Offut declaró que el joven sabía más que nadie en los Estados Unidos y que podía correr más rápido y vencer en la lucha a cualquier hombre del país.

Pero en la primavera del año siguiente Mr. Offut quebró. La tienda cerró y Abraham Lincoln se quedó sin empleo de nuevo.
unit 1
The Boatman.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 2
One of Thomas Lincoln's friends owned a ferry-boat on the Ohio River.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 3
It was nothing but a small rowboat, and would carry only three or four people at a time.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 4
This man wanted to employ some one to take care of his boat and to ferry people across the river.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 5
Thomas Lincoln was in need of money; and so he arranged with his friend for Abraham to do this work.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 6
The wages of the young man were to be $2.50 a week.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 7
But all the money was to be his father's.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 8
One day two strangers came to the landing.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 9
They wanted to take passage on a steamboat that was coming down the river.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 10
The ferry-boy signalled to the steamboat and it stopped in midstream.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 11
Then the boy rowed out with the two passengers, and they were taken on board.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 12
unit 13
He picked the silver up and looked at it.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 14
Ah, how rich he felt!
2 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 15
He had never had so much money at one time.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 16
And he had gotten all for a few minutes' labor!
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 17
When winter came on, there were fewer people who wanted to cross the river.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 18
So, at last, the ferry-boat was tied up, and Abraham Lincoln went back to his father's home.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 19
He was now nineteen years old.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 20
He was very tall—nearly six feet four inches in height.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 21
He was as strong as a young giant.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 23
Although he had always lived in a community of rude, rough people, he had no bad habits.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 24
He used no tobacco; he did not drink strong liquor; no profane word ever passed his lips.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 25
He was good-natured at all times, and kind to every one.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 26
unit 27
He intended, in the spring, to load this on a flatboat and send it down the river to New Orleans.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 28
In looking about for a captain to take charge of the boat, he happened to think of Abraham Lincoln.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 29
He knew that he could trust the young man.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 30
And so a bargain was soon made.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 32
As soon as the ice had well melted from the river, the voyage was begun.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 33
Besides Captain Lincoln there was only one man in the crew, and that was a son of Mr. Gentry's.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 34
The voyage was a long and weary one, but at last the two boatmen reached the great southern city.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 35
Here they saw many strange things of which they had never heard before.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 36
But they soon sold their cargo and boat, and then returned home on a steamboat.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 37
To Abraham Lincoln the world was now very different from what it had seemed before.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 38
He longed to be away from the narrow life in the woods of Spencer county.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 39
He longed to be doing something for himself—to be making for himself a fortune and a name.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 41
He remembered her last words, "I know you will be kind to your father."
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 43
The First Years in Illinois.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 45
The household goods were put in a wagon drawn by four yoke of oxen.
2 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 46
The kind step-mother and her daughters rode also in the wagon.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 50
Abraham Lincoln was now over twenty-one years old.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 51
He was his own man.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 52
But he stayed with his father that spring.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 53
He helped him fence his land; he helped him plant his corn.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 54
But his father had no money to give him.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 55
The young man's clothing was all worn out, and he had nothing with which to buy any more.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 56
What should he do?
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 57
Three miles from his father's cabin there lived a thrifty woman, whose name was Nancy Miller.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 59
And so you must know that she wove a great deal of jeans and home-made cloth.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 60
Abraham Lincoln bargained with this woman to make him a pair of trousers.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 61
He agreed that for each yard of cloth required, he would split for her four hundred rails.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 63
The next April saw young Lincoln piloting another flatboat down the Mississippi to New Orleans.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 64
His companion this time was his mother's relative, John Hanks.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 66
He saw gangs of slaves being driven through the streets.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 67
He visited the slave-market, and saw women and girls sold to the highest bidder like so many cattle.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 68
The young man, who would not be unkind to any living being, was shocked by these sights.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 69
"His heart bled; he was mad, thoughtful, sad, and depressed."
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 70
He said to John Hanks, "If I ever get a chance to hit that institution, I'll hit it hard, John."
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 71
He came back from New Orleans in July.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 73
New Salem was a little town not far from Springfield.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 74
Young Lincoln was a good salesman, and all the customers liked him.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 76
But in the spring of the next year Mr. Offut failed.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
unit 77
The store was closed, and Abraham Lincoln was out of employment again.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 6 months, 3 weeks ago
terehola • 6017  translated  unit 1  7 months, 3 weeks ago

The Boatman.

One of Thomas Lincoln's friends owned a ferry-boat on the Ohio River. It was nothing but a small rowboat, and would carry only three or four people at a time. This man wanted to employ some one to take care of his boat and to ferry people across the river.

Thomas Lincoln was in need of money; and so he arranged with his friend for Abraham to do this work. The wages of the young man were to be $2.50 a week. But all the money was to be his father's.

One day two strangers came to the landing. They wanted to take passage on a steamboat that was coming down the river. The ferry-boy signalled to the steamboat and it stopped in midstream. Then the boy rowed out with the two passengers, and they were taken on board.

Just as he was turning towards the shore again, each of the strangers tossed a half-dollar into his boat. He picked the silver up and looked at it. Ah, how rich he felt! He had never had so much money at one time. And he had gotten all for a few minutes' labor!

When winter came on, there were fewer people who wanted to cross the river. So, at last, the ferry-boat was tied up, and Abraham Lincoln went back to his father's home.

He was now nineteen years old. He was very tall—nearly six feet four inches in height. He was as strong as a young giant. He could jump higher and farther, and he could run faster, than any of his fellows; and there was no one, far or near, who could lay him on his back.

Although he had always lived in a community of rude, rough people, he had no bad habits. He used no tobacco; he did not drink strong liquor; no profane word ever passed his lips.

He was good-natured at all times, and kind to every one.

During that winter, Mr. Gentry, the storekeeper in the village, had bought a good deal of corn and pork. He intended, in the spring, to load this on a flatboat and send it down the river to New Orleans.

In looking about for a captain to take charge of the boat, he happened to think of Abraham Lincoln. He knew that he could trust the young man. And so a bargain was soon made. Abraham agreed to pilot the boat to New Orleans and to market the produce there; and Mr. Gentry was to pay his father eight dollars and a half a month for his services.

As soon as the ice had well melted from the river, the voyage was begun. Besides Captain Lincoln there was only one man in the crew, and that was a son of Mr. Gentry's.

The voyage was a long and weary one, but at last the two boatmen reached the great southern city. Here they saw many strange things of which they had never heard before. But they soon sold their cargo and boat, and then returned home on a steamboat.

To Abraham Lincoln the world was now very different from what it had seemed before. He longed to be away from the narrow life in the woods of Spencer county. He longed to be doing something for himself—to be making for himself a fortune and a name.

But then he remembered his mother's teachings when he sat on her knee in the old Kentucky home, "Always do right." He remembered her last words, "I know you will be kind to your father."

And so he resolved to stay with his father, to work for him, and to give him all his earnings until he was twenty-one years old.

The First Years in Illinois.

Early in the spring of 1830, Thomas Lincoln sold his farm in Indiana, and the whole family moved to Illinois. The household goods were put in a wagon drawn by four yoke of oxen. The kind step-mother and her daughters rode also in the wagon.

Abraham Lincoln, with a long whip in his hand, trudged through the mud by the side of the road and guided the oxen. Who that saw him thus going into Illinois would have dreamed that he would in time become that state's greatest citizen?

The journey was a long and hard one; but in two weeks they reached Decatur, where they had decided to make their new home.

Abraham Lincoln was now over twenty-one years old. He was his own man. But he stayed with his father that spring. He helped him fence his land; he helped him plant his corn.

But his father had no money to give him. The young man's clothing was all worn out, and he had nothing with which to buy any more. What should he do?

Three miles from his father's cabin there lived a thrifty woman, whose name was Nancy Miller. Mrs. Miller owned a flock of sheep, and in her house there were a spinning-wheel and a loom that were always busy. And so you must know that she wove a great deal of jeans and home-made cloth.

Abraham Lincoln bargained with this woman to make him a pair of trousers. He agreed that for each yard of cloth required, he would split for her four hundred rails.

He had to split fourteen hundred rails in all; but he worked so fast that he had finished them before the trousers were ready.

The next April saw young Lincoln piloting another flatboat down the Mississippi to New Orleans. His companion this time was his mother's relative, John Hanks. This time he stayed longer in New Orleans, and he saw some things which he had barely noticed on his first trip.

He saw gangs of slaves being driven through the streets. He visited the slave-market, and saw women and girls sold to the highest bidder like so many cattle.

The young man, who would not be unkind to any living being, was shocked by these sights. "His heart bled; he was mad, thoughtful, sad, and depressed."

He said to John Hanks, "If I ever get a chance to hit that institution, I'll hit it hard, John."

He came back from New Orleans in July. Mr. Offut, the owner of the flatboat which he had taken down, then employed him to act as clerk in a country store which he had at New Salem.

New Salem was a little town not far from Springfield.

Young Lincoln was a good salesman, and all the customers liked him. Mr. Offut declared that the young man knew more than anyone else in the United States, and that he could outrun and outwrestle any man in the county.

But in the spring of the next year Mr. Offut failed. The store was closed, and Abraham Lincoln was out of employment again.