en-es  REFLECTIONS IV
REFLEXIONES

Una nota biográfica sobre el valor de la vida por Kim.

Parte IV.

Después de una noche cruelmente fría, nos depertamos confortablemente calientes gracias a nuestro doble saco de dormir. Sí, demostró ser un gran acierto. Durante la noche, descubrimos otro fallo en el coche; la cama no era bastante larga para Steve, y nos vimos obligados a dormir en diagonal. Resultaba un poco apretado, pero teníamos que adaptarnos.
El día era triste y lluvioso. Después de un desayuno ligero salimos hacia Sudbury. Habiamos planificado parar en Hedingham para visitar el castillo que da su nombre a la ciudad. Construido en el siglo XII por la poderosa familia de Vere, condes de Oxford, era una de las fortalezas normandas mejor conservadas de la región. Para nuestro pesar, no estaba abierta.
En el camino a través de Sudbury, en la frontera de Suffolk, nos desviamos para visitar Lavenham, una antigua ciudad de la lana que era una de las glorias del condado. Las calles del pueblo estaban bordeadas por casas de madera de muchas épocas diferentes, que parecían inclinarse y a punto de caerse. Estabamos sorprendidos de ver que aún sigan de pie.
Después de una noche acampados al lado de la A140, donde los coches continuamente invadían nuestro sueño con sus faros, nos dirigimos hacia Norwich en busca de un electricista de coche para arreglar la bomba de agua y la nevera y, con suerte, instalar la radio. En Norwich cambiamos algunos dólares estadounidenses y canadienses que nos quedaban por la libras esterlinas. También cobramos 200 $ EE. UU. de cheques de viaje. Sí, esto fue antes del plástico señoras y caballeros .
Nuestra primera parada fue un establecimiento de venta de caravanas. Pudimos reparar la bomba y el refrigerador a un coste razonable. Todavía teníamos que instalar la radio y arreglar la calefacción del automóvil. Compré algunos soportes y fijé la radio en la parte inferior del salpicadero. Todavía teníamos el problema con el sistema de calefacción del automóvil y no pudimos encontrar un lugar que pudiera hacer el trabajo de inmediato. Para entonces, el crepúsculo estaba sobre nosotros, así que demoramos la reparación de la calefacción hasta el día siguiente.
Esa noche éramos ciertamente pequeños campistas felices con casi todo funcionando. Después de la experiencia de la A140, nos aseguramos de encontrar carreteras secundarias para acampar. Ahí estábamos, una tortilla se estaba cocinando, había cerveza fría en el refrigerador y la radio estaba sonando. ¡Entonces, un desastre! La batería del coche comenzó a descargarse. Al cabo de dos horas, lo único que todavía funcionaba era el hornillo de gas.
Como estábamos sentados en la oscuridad, decidimos acostarnos pronto y llamar a la AA (Automobile Association) para asistencia en carretera la mañana siguiente. Todo el humor que éramos capaces de sacar de todos los contratiempos con el coche había empezado a agotarse. Nos preguntábamos cuando acabaría todo esto.
Después de una taza de te, por lo menos el hornillo funcionaba, Steve se echó a andar para encontrar el teléfono más próximo. ¿Mencioné que estábamos en 1986? No había teléfonos móviles a disposición. Era una mañana soleada con una ligera neblina en el aire. Steve llegó a un garaje Esso donde la mujer detrás del mostrador amablemente le dejó utilizar el teléfono. Debió haber caminado bastante lejos porque un hombre de la AA llegó en su ausencia y, despues de una hora, la batería estaba recargada y estabamos listos para salir. En NSW, tenemos un servicio similar llamado NRMSA. Como miembros, pensábamos que había un acuerdo recíproco entre las dos asociaciones. Existe, pero parece que teníamos que registrarnos con la AA a nuestra llegada a Inglaterra. Oops. El hombre de la AA estaba en su derecho de cobrar por su tiempo y servicio pero, sintiendo lástima por nosotros, lo hizo gratis.
Llegamos a King's Lynn, una ciudad de puerto marítimo y de comercio, unos 70 kilometros al oeste de Norwich y, para nuestra sorpresa, encontramos un taller bastante pronto. Dejamos el coche con el mecánico que prometió que nuestros problemas estarían resueltos para las 6. Era un hombre de palabra, cuando volvimos, descubrimos que la calefacción del auto estaba funcionando y que se había instalado una batería nueva, todo por un coste de 131£ , que estábamos contentos de pagar. También nos llevamos la batería vieja, ¡por si acaso!
Nos despertamos a la mañana siguiente seguros de que el automóvil finalmente estaba a pleno funcionamiento. Juntos, logramos conectar la radio para que sonara en los altavoces que había ubicados en las puertas del conductor y del pasajero. El viento era feroz, así que tuvimos problemas para bajar el toldo del techo, pero finalmente lo bajamos y lo aseguramos. Saliendo hacia Edinburgh, descubrimos que adelantar grandes camiones con un viento fuerte era,como minimo, una experiencia ardua , entonces dejamos la carretera principal para serpentear a lo largo de pueblos tranquilos.
Paramos en un pequeño pub llamado La Cabeza del Jamelgo en el pueblo de Helpringham antes de seguir por las vias segundarias hasta la ciudad de Lincon.
Ahora, tratar de evitar escribir sobre la historia de esta ciudad es como tratar de esquivar las moscas en el campo de Australia en verano: imposible. Entonces, lo más brevemente posible, los romanos conquistaron esta parte de Britania en 48EC y poco después construyeron una fortaleza legionaria en lo alto de una colina encima del asentamiento de la Edad de Hierro de Lindon (1AEC). El nombre fue alatinado a Lindum y recibió el título de Colonia cuando fue convertido en un asentamiento para los veteranos del ejército en 71 EC cuando la legión se movió a York. Se convirtió en un asentamiento floreciente importante, accesible desde el mar a través del río Trent y también del río Witham. Sin embargo, la ciudad y las vías navegable decayeron en el siglo III.
La ciudad alcanzó de nuevo la prominencia durante las incursiones vikingas entorno al año 800. Durante este tiempo, Lincoln fue un centro de comercio que acuñaba sus propias monedas. A partir del 886 se estableció Danelaw y la ciudad experimentó una explosión económica sin precedentes con el asentamiento de los daneses. Después de la conquista normanda en 1066, Guillermo I llegó a la ciudad y reconoció que la fortaleza amurallada de los romanos proporcionaba la posición estratégica ideal para construir un nuevo castillo ya que, no solo se alzaba a gran altura sobre el campo circundante, sino que además estaba localizada en un cruce estratégico vital de varias rutas. Así, en 1068, Guillermo construyó su castillo en el ala sudoeste de las ruinosas murallas romanas que coronaban la cima de la colina. Las murallas romanas se cubrieron por terraplenes. Un gran montículo de tierra rodeado por un foso se convirtió en la plaza fuerte del castillo, que podría ser mantenida cuando todo lo demás hubiera caído en manos enemigas. Gradualmente los terraplenes y las empalizadas de madera fueron remplazadas por muros de piedra, garitas y torres.
El castillo fue sitiado durante las dos batallas de Lincoln (en 1141 y 1217 respectivamente). El último, parte de la primera Guerra de los Barones, se produjo después de la firma de la Carta Magna por el Rey Juan en 1215. Después de que remitió esta turbulencia, Lincoln estuvo relativamente tranquilo hasta que, en 1644, estalló la 1ra Guerra Civil. Soldados parlamentarios (también conocidos como Roundheads) irrumpieron en el castillo utilizando escaleras para escalar las murallas y las defensas.
En el siglo XVIII, el castillo comenzó a usarse como prisión. Mientras que la Torre de Londres estaba llena de turistas y la entrada tenía un precio de 4£ por persona, el Castillo de Lincoln estaba relativamente vacío y nos costó 40 peniques a cada uno. Solo vimos a otras cuatro personas mientras estábamos allí.
Disfrutamos de la libertad de explorar las torres y cada rincón del castillo. La capilla de la prisión era particularmente fascinante. Estaba conectada a la prisión por un pasadizo. El capellán se sentaba en un púlpito elevado cerrado por 3 lados. Cada prisionero estaba en compartimentos separados y tenía que estar encerrado antes de que trajeran al siguiente prisionero. Todos podían ver al capellán pero no el uno al otro. Las mujeres estaban delante, los presos condenados en la parte posterior y los deudores a un lado.
Desde el castillo, nos aventuramos a la Catedral de Lincoln para ver la mejor copia existente de la Carta Magna original, de la cual solo hay cuatro: dos en el Museo Británico y la otra en la Catedral de Salisbury.
La Catedral de Lincoln data de 1088. En 1141, el techado de madera fue destruido por un fuego. Fue reconstruido, y la catedral se amplió, pero fue en su mayoría destruida por un terremoto excepcional unos cuarenta años después, en 1185. Se mantuvo sólo la parte baja del lado oeste y de sus dos torres adjuntadas y la catedral fue reconstruida. Fue el edificio más alto del mundo durante 238 años ( 1311-1549), y el primer edificio que obtuvo ese título después de la Gran Pirámide de Giza.
Cuando abandonamos Lincoln, esta increíble estructura dominaba la línea del horizonte con sus magníficas torres. Esa noche acampamos al lado del Foss Dyke Navigation, un canal de 18 km de largo construido por los romanos hace más de 1850 años para conectar el Witham y el Trent.

FIN DE LA IV PARTE
unit 1
REFLECTIONS.
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unit 2
A memoir on the value of life by Kim.
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unit 3
Part IV.
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After a bitterly cold night, we woke comfortably warm thanks to our double sleeping bag.
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Yes, it proved to be a great success.
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It was a bit cramped, but we’d adapt.
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unit 8
The day was miserable and rainy.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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After a light breakfast we set off toward Sudbury.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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We had planned to stop in Hedingham to visit the castle that gives the town its name.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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To our dismay, it wasn’t open.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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We were surprised that they were still standing.
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In Norwich we exchanged some left-over US and Canadian dollars for pound sterling.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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We also cashed $200 US travelers’ cheques.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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Yes, this was before plastic ladies and gentlemen.
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Our first stop was a caravan sales establishment.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 21
We were able to get the pump and fridge repaired for a reasonable cost.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 22
We still needed to install the radio and have the car heating fixed.
2 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 23
I purchased some brackets and fixed the radio to the underside of the dashboard.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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By this time, dusk was upon us, so we delayed fixing the heater until the following day.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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That evening we were happy little campers indeed with almost everything operating.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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After the A140 experience, we made sure to find B roads to set up camp.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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There we were, an omelette was cooking, there was cold beer in the fridge and the radio was playing.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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Then disaster!
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The car battery started running down.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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After two hours, the only thing that still worked was the gas stove.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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Any humour we were able to derive from all the car mishaps had begun to wear a little thin.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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When would it all stop we wondered.
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Did I mention this was 1986?
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There were no mobile phones at the ready.
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It was a sunny morning with a light mist in the air.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 2 weeks ago
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We have a similar service in NSW called the NRMA.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 1 week ago
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There was but, apparently, we were supposed to register with the AA on our arrival in England.
2 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 1 week ago
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Oops.
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We left the car with the mechanic who promised that all our problems would be solved by 6pm.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 1 week ago
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We took the old battery with us too, just in case!
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months, 1 week ago
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We woke the next morning confident that the car was finally in full working order.
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However, the town and waterways fell into decline in the 3rd century.
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The city rose to prominence once again during the Viking raids of about 800.
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During this time, Lincoln was a trading centre minting its own coins.
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The Roman walls were covered by earth banks.
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In the 1700s, the castle began to be used as a prison.
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We only saw four other people while we were there.
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We enjoyed being free to explore the towers and every nook and cranny of the castle.
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The prison chapel was particularly fascinating.
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It was linked to the prison by a corridor.
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Here the chaplain sat in a raised pulpit enclosed on 3 sides.
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They all could see the chaplain but not one another.
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Women were at the front, condemned prisoners at the rear and debtors to the side.
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Lincoln Cathedral dates from 1088.
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In 1141, the timber roofing was destroyed in a fire.
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END PART IV
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 9 months ago
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REFLECTIONS.

A memoir on the value of life by Kim.

Part IV.

After a bitterly cold night, we woke comfortably warm thanks to our double sleeping bag. Yes, it proved to be a great success. During the night we found another fault with the car; the bed wasn’t long enough for Steve, so we were forced to sleep diagonally. It was a bit cramped, but we’d adapt.
The day was miserable and rainy. After a light breakfast we set off toward Sudbury. We had planned to stop in Hedingham to visit the castle that gives the town its name. Built in the 12th century by the powerful de Vere family, earls of Oxford, it was one of the best preserved Norman keeps in the country. To our dismay, it wasn’t open.
On through Sudbury, on the border of Suffolk, we took a detour to visit Lavenham, an old wool town which was one of the chief glories of the county. The streets of the village were lined by wooden houses of many differing periods that appeared to lean and buckle. We were surprised that they were still standing.
After a night spent camped beside the A140, where cars constantly invaded our sleep with their headlights, we headed off to Norwich in search of an auto electrician to fix the water pump and refrigerator and, hopefully, install the radio. In Norwich we exchanged some left-over US and Canadian dollars for pound sterling. We also cashed $200 US travelers’ cheques. Yes, this was before plastic ladies and gentlemen.
Our first stop was a caravan sales establishment. We were able to get the pump and fridge repaired for a reasonable cost. We still needed to install the radio and have the car heating fixed. I purchased some brackets and fixed the radio to the underside of the dashboard. We still had the issue with the car heating system and we could not find a place that could do the job straight away. By this time, dusk was upon us, so we delayed fixing the heater until the following day.
That evening we were happy little campers indeed with almost everything operating. After the A140 experience, we made sure to find B roads to set up camp. There we were, an omelette was cooking, there was cold beer in the fridge and the radio was playing. Then disaster! The car battery started running down. After two hours, the only thing that still worked was the gas stove.
As we were sitting in the dark, we decided to get an early night and ring the AA (Automobile Association) for roadside assistance the following morning. Any humour we were able to derive from all the car mishaps had begun to wear a little thin. When would it all stop we wondered.
After a cup of tea – at least the stove was working – Steve set off on foot to find the nearest telephone. Did I mention this was 1986? There were no mobile phones at the ready. It was a sunny morning with a light mist in the air. Steve reached an Esso garage where the lady behind the counter kindly allowed him access to the phone. He must have walked quite a distance as an AA man arrived in his absence and, after an hour, the battery was recharged, and we were ready to set off. We have a similar service in NSW called the NRMA. As members, we were under the impression that there was a reciprocal agreement between the two associations. There was but, apparently, we were supposed to register with the AA on our arrival in England. Oops. The AA man was within his rights to charge for his time and service but, feeling sorry for us, he did it for free.
We arrived in the seaport and market town of King’s Lynn, some 70 kilometres west of Norwich and, to our surprise, found a garage rather quickly. We left the car with the mechanic who promised that all our problems would be solved by 6pm. He was a man of his word as we returned to find the car heating was now working and a new battery had been installed, all for a cost of £131 which we were happy to pay. We took the old battery with us too, just in case!
We woke the next morning confident that the car was finally in full working order. Together, we managed to wire the radio up so that it played out of the existing speakers located in the driver and passenger doors. The wind was ferocious, so we had a bit of trouble lowering the pop-top but, we eventually got it down and secured. Setting off toward Edinburgh, we found that passing large trucks in a strong wind was a daunting experience to say the very least, so we headed off the main road and wound our way through peaceful hamlets.
We stopped at a little pub called The Nag’s Head in the village of Helpringham before continuing along back roads to the city of Lincoln.
Now, trying to avoid writing about the history of this city is like trying to dodge flies in the Australian outback during summer: impossible. So, as briefly as possible, the Romans conquered this part of Britain in 48CE and shortly afterwards built a legionary fortress high on a hill atop the Iron Age settlement of Lindon (1BCE). The name was Latinised to Lindum and given the title Colonia when it was converted into a settlement for army veterans in 71CE when the legion moved on to York. It became a major, flourishing settlement, accessible from the sea via both the River Trent and the River Witham. However, the town and waterways fell into decline in the 3rd century.
The city rose to prominence once again during the Viking raids of about 800. During this time, Lincoln was a trading centre minting its own coins. From 886, Danelaw was established, and the city experienced an unprecedented explosion in its economy with the settlement of the Danes. After the Norman Conquest of 1066, William I reached the city and recognised that the Roman walled fortress proved the ideal strategic position to construct a new castle as, not only was it high above the surrounding countryside, it was also located at a vital strategic junction of a several routes. So, in 1068, William built his castle in the south-west corner of the decaying Roman walls which crowned the summit of the hill. The Roman walls were covered by earth banks. A great mound of earth surrounded by a ditch became the Castle’s strongpoint, which could be held when everywhere else had fallen into enemy hands. Gradually, the banks and timber stockades were replaced by stone walls, gatehouses and towers.
The castle was besieged during the two Battles of Lincoln (in 1141 and 1217 respectively). The latter, a part of the 1st Baron’s War, was brought about after the signing of the Magna Carta by King John in 1215. After this turbulence subsided, Lincoln was relatively peaceful until, in 1644, the 1st Civil War broke out. Parliamentary soldiers (also known as Roundheads) stormed the castle using ladders to climb the walls and ramparts.
In the 1700s, the castle began to be used as a prison. Whereas the Tower of London was full of tourists and bore the admission price of £4 per person, Lincoln Castle was relatively empty and cost us 40p each. We only saw four other people while we were there.
We enjoyed being free to explore the towers and every nook and cranny of the castle. The prison chapel was particularly fascinating. It was linked to the prison by a corridor. Here the chaplain sat in a raised pulpit enclosed on 3 sides. Each prisoner stood in separate compartments and had to be locked in before the next prisoner was brought in. They all could see the chaplain but not one another. Women were at the front, condemned prisoners at the rear and debtors to the side.
From the castle we ventured to Lincoln Cathedral to view the finest existing copy of the original Magna Carta of which there only four – two in the British Museum and the other in Salisbury Cathedral.
Lincoln Cathedral dates from 1088. In 1141, the timber roofing was destroyed in a fire. It was rebuilt, and the cathedral was expanded, but it was mostly destroyed by a rare earthquake about forty years later, in 1185. Only the lower part of the west end and of its two attached towers remained and the cathedral was rebuilt. It was the tallest building in the world for 238 years (1311–1549), and the first building to hold that title after the Great Pyramid of Giza.
As we left Lincoln, this incredible structure dominated the skyline with its magnificent towers. That night we camped beside the Foss Dyke Navigation, an 18 kilometre long canal built by the Romans over 1850 years earlier to link the Witham and the Trent.

END PART IV