en-es  Daylight Saving Time Ends Sunday, But The Debates It Inspires Appear Endless
El horario de verano acaba el domingo; pero los debates que inspira parecen interminables,

Por Chris Benderev, Las dos vías, Breaking news de NPR, 4 de noviembre de 2017. http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/04/562111005/daylight-saving-time-ends-sunday-but-the-debates-it-inspires-appear-endless.

Vea el vídeo de Youtube de Stephen Colbert: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OVRf0qnHkbQ.

Si estás teniendo problemas al utilizar esa famosa regla mnemotécnica, hagamos esto fácil: Esta es una de las formas en que puedes conseguir una hora más de sueño.

El 5 de noviembre señala el primer domingo de noviembre y, al mismo tiempo, a las 2 de la mañana cesará el horario de verano, indicando a los relojes en la mayoría de Estados Unidos "retrasar" a la 1 de la mañana. (Las excepciones incluyen a Hawaii, Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, Islas Vírgenes y el estado de Arizona, con la excepcional excepción de la Reserva de los Indios Navajos dentro de Arizona, que respeta el horario de verano. Otras excepciones incluyen: enorme franjas del globo).

Pero, dos veces al año, se nos recuerda que la ubicuidad de este concepto —originalmente adoptado en la primera parte del siglo XX para aprovechar la luz solar y el calor de los largos días de verano para disminuir el consumo de energía al mantener a la gente en el exterior por más tiempo— no significa necesariamente que hayamos crecido cansados de preguntarnos sus efectos y utilidad.

Por ejemplo, alguna investigación sugiere que el horario de verano puede perjudicar nuestro ciclo de sueño y, por consiguiente, nuestra salud (aunque el "retraso" parece potencialmente menos dañino que el "adelanto de primavera").

Más aún, hay evidencias que sugieren que el horario de verano causa estragos en los rankings televisivos. Como dijo Neda Ulaby de NPR: "De pronto, hay luz afuera para una hora extra. El ver la televisión resulta menos atractivo".
Y luego está la cuestión de si lo necesitamos y, si es así, de qué forma.

Algunos estudios sugieren que la meta de ahorrar energía es equivocada. Un estudio del 2011 que siguió a la población de Indiana, (que no cumplió uniformemente el ahorro de tiempo de luz solar antes del 2006) encontró que en realidad el uso de energia se incrementó con el ahorro de tiempo de luz solar. Una posible explicación: el hacernos pasar más tiempo despiertos durante las horas más calurosas del día lleva a un mayor uso del aire acondicionado.

Earlier this week, after months of deliberation, a special commission in Massachusetts charged with determining whether the state should switch to year-round daylight saving time delivered its findings. According to the AP, the group found that the plan would only reap some sort of benefit if all of the "Northeast" joined in. "If we don't have New York, this is a no-go," said Mass. state Rep. Paul Frost.

Others advocate for "inverting" daylight saving time to make the winter days longer, arguing this could even help combat seasonal affective disorder.

And after the "spring forward" of 2016, TV host Stephen Colbert asked for a more modest solution: Why not do it on a weekday afternoon?

"Why can't they do it on a Wednesday at 4 o'clock?" he said to applause. "Hey look now it's Wednesday at 5 o'clock. Time to go home."
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Daylight Saving Time Ends Sunday, But The Debates It Inspires Appear Endless.
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Other exceptions include: huge swaths of the globe).
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As NPR's Neda Ulaby put it: "Suddenly, it's light outside for an extra hour.
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Watching TV is less appealing" .
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And then there's the question of whether we need it and, if so, in what form.
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Some studies suggest the goal of saving energy is misguided.
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"If we don't have New York, this is a no-go," said Mass.
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state Rep. Paul Frost.
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"Why can't they do it on a Wednesday at 4 o'clock?"
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he said to applause.
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"Hey look now it's Wednesday at 5 o'clock.
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Time to go home."
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Daylight Saving Time Ends Sunday, But The Debates It Inspires Appear Endless.

By Chris Benderev, The two-way, Breaking news from NPR, November 4, 2017.

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/04/562111005/daylight-saving-time-ends-sunday-but-the-debates-it-inspires-appear-endless.

Watch the youtube video of Stephen Colbert: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OVRf0qnHkbQ.

If you're having trouble deploying that famous mnemonic, let's make this easy:

This is the one where you get one more hour of sleep.

Nov. 5 marks the first Sunday of November and, therefore, at 2 a.m. daylight saving time will cease, prompting clocks in the majority of the U.S. to "fall backward" to 1 a.m.

(Exceptions include Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the state of Arizona, with the exception to the exception being the Navajo Indian Reservation within Arizona, which does observe daylight saving time. Other exceptions include: huge swaths of the globe).

But twice a year we are reminded that the ubiquity of this concept — originally adopted in the early part of the 20th century to harness the sunlight and warmth of longer summer days to decrease energy usage by keeping people outside longer — does not necessarily mean we have grown tired of interrogating its effects and usefulness.

For instance, some research suggests daylight saving time may do damage to our sleep cycle and therefore our health (although the "falling back" appears less potentially harmful than the "springing forward").

What's more, there is evidence to suggest daylight saving time takes a toll on TV ratings. As NPR's Neda Ulaby put it: "Suddenly, it's light outside for an extra hour. Watching TV is less appealing"
.
And then there's the question of whether we need it and, if so, in what form.

Some studies suggest the goal of saving energy is misguided. One from 2011 that followed people in Indiana, (which didn't uniformly observed daylight saving time before 2006) found that energy usage actually increased with daylight saving time. One possible explanation: Making us all spend more time awake during the hottest parts of the day may lead to more air conditioning usage.

Earlier this week, after months of deliberation, a special commission in Massachusetts charged with determining whether the state should switch to year-round daylight saving time delivered its findings. According to the AP, the group found that the plan would only reap some sort of benefit if all of the "Northeast" joined in. "If we don't have New York, this is a no-go," said Mass. state Rep. Paul Frost.

Others advocate for "inverting" daylight saving time to make the winter days longer, arguing this could even help combat seasonal affective disorder.

And after the "spring forward" of 2016, TV host Stephen Colbert asked for a more modest solution: Why not do it on a weekday afternoon?

"Why can't they do it on a Wednesday at 4 o'clock?" he said to applause. "Hey look now it's Wednesday at 5 o'clock. Time to go home."