en-es  August Landmesser, The Man Behind The Crossed Arms
Aprenda más sobre la trágica historia de August Landmesser, el hombre que se negó a saludar a Hitler.

La foto de arriba "August Landmesser rehusa hacer el saludo nazi" se ha difundido por internet desde hace pocos años, popular por una sutil pero profunda conducta de inconformismo de uno de sus individuos. No se puede saber cuántos hombres en esa multitud estaban actuando por temor, con el pleno conocimiento de que negarse a saludar al "Führer" era lo mismo que firmar su propio certificado de muerte.


De hecho, sabiendo lo que era Hitler de pie ante la multitud, convierte la desobediencia en sumamente admirable, pero lo que podría parecer un acto de transgresión justificada era, en el fondo, un gesto de amor. August Landmesser, el hombre con los brazos cruzados, estaba casado con una mujer judía.

August Landmesser en su uniforme; origen: I Giorni E Le Notti, La historia del anti gesto de August Landmesser empieza, de manera bastante irónica, con el partido Nazi. En 1930, la economía de Alemania estaba por los suelos, y la naturaleza inestable del "Reichstag" llevaba finalmente a su desaparición y, en definitiva, al ascenso del liderazgo oportunista de Adolf Hitler y del Partido Nazi.

Creyendo que tener las conexiones adecuadas le ayudarían a conseguir un trabajo en la inerte economía, Landmesser se convirtió en un miembro con carnet nazi. No se imaginaba que su corazón pronto arruinaría cualquier progreso que su superficial política de afiliación pudiera haber logrado.

En 1934, Landmesser conoce a Irma Eckler, una mujer judía, y los dos se enamoran profundamente. Su compromiso un año más tarde le expulsa del partido, y su petición de matrimonio fue denegada bajo las recientemente aprobadas Leyes de Núremberg.

En octubre del mismo año, tuvieron una niña, Ingrid, y dos años más tarde, en 1937, la familia hizo un intento fallido de huir a Dinamarca donde fueron arrestados en la frontera. August fue arrestado y acusado de "deshonrar a la raza", y brevemente encarcelado.

En el tribunal, ambos declararon no tener conocimiento del estatus judío de Eckler ya que, ella había sido bautizada en una iglesia protestante después de que su madre se volviera a casar. En mayo de 1938, August fue absuelto por falta de pruebas, pero con la severa advertencia de que el castigo continuaría si Landmesser se atrevía a repetir la ofensa.

Los oficiales cumplieron su palabra, ya que solo un mes después, August sería arrestado de nuevo y sentenciado a treinta meses de trabajos forzados en un campo de concentración. Nunca volvería a ver a su amada esposa de nuevo.

Entretanto, se aprobó discretamente una ley que establecía la detención de las esposas judías en el caso de que el hombre "deshonrara la raza", e Irma fue detenida por la Gestapo y enviada a varias prisiones y campos de concentración, Donde, finalmente, daría a luz a Irene, la segunda hija de Landmeser y Eckler.

Ambas niñas fueron enviadas inicialmente a un orfanato, aunque Ingrid, se libró de un destino peor por su estatus de "media casta", se la envió a vivir con sus abuelos arios. Irene, sin embargo, sería expulsada finalmente del orfanato y enviada a los campos, una familia conocida no consiguió cogerla y la llevaron a Austria para custodiarla.

Tras el regreso de Irene a Alemania, estaría escondida de nuevo, esta vez en un pabellón de hospital donde su tarjeta de identificación judía se "perdió", permitiéndole vivir ante las narices de sus opresores hasta su derrota.

La historia de su madre es mucho más trágica. Mientras sus hijas eran expulsadas de orfanatos a hogares de acogida en lugares ocultos, finalmente Irma se encontró con su Creador en 1942 en las cámaras de gas de Bernburg.

August sería puesto en libertad en 1941 y comenzó a trabajar como capataz. Dos años más tarde, cuando el ejército alemán se vio cada vez más atrapado por sus desesperadas circunstancias, Landmesser sería reclutado en un batallón de castigo junto con miles de otros hombres. Desaparecería en Croacia donde se presume que falleció, seis meses antes de que Alemania se rindiera oficialmente.

La ahora famosa fotografía probablemente fue tomada el 13 de junio de 1936, cuando August Landmesser estaba trabajando en el astillero Blohm+Voss y todavía tenía una familia con la que volver al final del día. Durante la inauguración del nuevo buque Horst Vessel, los trabajadores se sorprendieron al ver al Führer delante de la nave.



August Landmesser probablemente se sintió incapaz de saludar al mismo hombre que públicamente deshumanizaba a su esposa e hija, y a muchos otros como ellas, solo para ir a casa unas horas después y abrazarlas. Landmesser podría haber sido consciente casualmente de los fotógrafos de propaganda en el astillero, pero en ese momento, su único pensamiento era para su familia.

August e Irma fueron declarados muertos oficialmente en 1949. En 1951, el Senado de Hamburgo reconoció el matrimonio de August Landmesser e Irma Eckler. Sus hijas se repartieron los apellidos de sus padres, Ingrid tomando los de su padre e Irene manteniendo los de su madre.
unit 1
Learn more about the tragic story of August Landmesser, the man who refused to salute Hitler.
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unit 5
August Landmesser, the man with his arms crossed, was married to a Jewish woman.
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In 1934, Landmesser met Irma Eckler, a Jewish woman, and the two fell deeply in love.
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August was arrested and charged for “dishonoring the race,” and briefly imprisoned.
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He would never see his beloved wife again.
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Their mother’s tale is much more tragic.
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August would be released in 1941 and began work as a foreman.
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August and Irma were officially declared dead in 1949.
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In 1951, the Senate of Hamburg recognized the marriage of August Landmesser and Irma Eckler.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 5 months, 2 weeks ago

Learn more about the tragic story of August Landmesser, the man who refused to salute Hitler.

August Landmesser Refuses To Do Nazi Salute

The photo above has floated around the internet for a few years now, popular for one of its subjects’ subtle yet profound acts of nonconformity. There is no telling how many men in that crowd were acting out of fear, fully aware that failing to salute the Fuhrer was akin to signing his own death certificate.

Knowing that it was, in fact, Hitler standing before the crowd makes the disobedience all the more admirable, but what may seem like an act of justified transgression was at its core a gesture of love. August Landmesser, the man with his arms crossed, was married to a Jewish woman.

August Landmesser In His Uniform
Source: I Giorni E Le Notti

The story of August Landmesser’s anti-gesture begins, ironically enough, with the Nazi Party. In 1930, Germany’s economy was in shambles, and the unstable nature of the Reichstag eventually led to its demise and ultimately the rise of the opportunistic leadership of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.

Believing that having the right connections would help land him a job in the pulseless economy, Landmesser became a card-carrying Nazi. Little did he know that his heart would soon ruin any progress that his superficial political affiliation might have made.

In 1934, Landmesser met Irma Eckler, a Jewish woman, and the two fell deeply in love. Their engagement a year later got him expelled from the party, and their marriage application was denied under the newly enacted Nuremberg Laws.

They had a baby girl, Ingrid, in October of the same year, and two years later in 1937, the family made a failed attempt to flee to Denmark where they were apprehended at the border. August was arrested and charged for “dishonoring the race,” and briefly imprisoned.

In court, the two claimed to be unaware of Eckler’s Jewish status as she had been baptized in a Protestant church after her mother remarried. In May 1938, August was acquitted for lack of evidence, but with a severe warning that punishment would follow if Landmesser dared repeat the offense.

Officials made “good” on their word, as only a month later August would be arrested again and sentenced to hard labor for thirty months in a concentration camp. He would never see his beloved wife again.

Meanwhile, a law was quietly passed that required the arrest of Jewish wives in the case of a man “dishonoring the race,” and Irma was snatched up by the Gestapo and sent to various prisons and concentration camps, where she would eventually give birth to Irene, Landmesser and Eckler’s second child.

Both children were initially sent to an orphanage, though Ingrid, spared a worse fate for her status as “half cast,” was sent to live with her Aryan grandparents. Irene, however, would eventually be plucked from the orphanage and sent to the camps, were a family acquaintance not to have grabbed her and whisked her away to Austria for safekeeping.

Upon Irene’s return to Germany, she would be hidden again–this time in a hospital ward where her Jewish identification card would be “lost,” allowing her to live under the noses of her oppressors until their defeat.

Their mother’s tale is much more tragic. As her daughters were being bounced from orphanages to foster homes to hiding places, Irma ultimately met her maker in 1942 in the gas chambers at Bernburg.

August would be released in 1941 and began work as a foreman. Two years later, as the German army became increasingly mired by its desperate circumstances, Landmesser would be drafted into a penal infantry along with thousands of other men. He would go missing in Croatia where it is presumed he died, six months before Germany would officially surrender.

The now-famous photograph was probably taken on June 13th 1936, when August Landmesser was working at the Blohm + Voss shipyard and still had a family to return to at the day’s end. During the unveiling of the new Horst Vessel, workers were stunned to see the Fuhrer himself in front of the ship.

August Landmesser likely found himself incapable of saluting the very man who publicly dehumanized his wife and daughter, and scores of others just like them, only to go home and embrace them several hours later. Landmesser might have been casually aware of propaganda photographers in the shipyard, but in that moment, his only thought was of his family.

August and Irma were officially declared dead in 1949. In 1951, the Senate of Hamburg recognized the marriage of August Landmesser and Irma Eckler. Their daughters split their parent’s names, Ingrid taking their father’s and Irene keeping their mother’s.