en-es  Clint Eastwood Biography
Biografía de Clint Eastwood Director, actor (1930-) Clint Eastwood se hizo conocido como un popular actor de cine y televisión, y llegó a convertirse en un director galardonado por la Academia por películas tales como "Sin perdón" y "Million Dollar Baby".
Sinopsis Nacido el 31 de mayo de 1930, en San Francisco, California, Clint Eastwood tuvo su gran oportunidad con el papel protagonista en la serie de televisión "Rawhide". Más tarde, se convirtió en enormemente popular al interpretar a tipos duros en una serie de películas del Oeste de Sergio Leone y en la saga de "Harry el Sucio". Desde entonces, Eastwood ha recibido grandes elogios dirigiendo películas galardonadas con el Óscar como "Sin perdón", "Mystic River" y "Million Dollar Baby".

Primeros años y carrera. El actor, director y productor Clint Eastwood nacido Clinton Eastwood Jr. el 31 de mayo de 1930, hijo de Clinton Sr. y Ruth Eastwood, en San Francisco (California). Tiene una hermana menor, Jeanne. Después de viajar y buscar trabajo por toda California durante la Depresión, la familia se asentó en la bahía de la ciudad de Piedmont. Eastwood asistió al Instituto de Piedmont y al Instituto Técnico de Oakland, graduándose en 1949.

Eastwood realizó trabajos ocasionales durante y después del instituto, temporadas como empacador de heno, leñador, camionero y fogonero en un horno siderúrgico. En 1950, fue reclutado por el ejército de los EE. UU. y destinado a Fort Ord en la Península de Monterey, donde sirvió como instructor de natación.


Después de su licencia en 1953, Eastwood se abrió camino en Los Ángeles, donde tomó clases en Los Angeles City College y trabajó en una estación de servicio. Alto y guapo, consiguió una prueba cinematográfica en los Estudios Universal y firmó un contrato a pesar de la mínima experiencia de actuación. Sus primeros personajes fueron pequeños papeles en películas como Revenge of the Creature y Francis in the Navy, ambas estrenadas en 1955.

En 1958, Eastwood logró su gran oportunidad con un papel importante en la serie de vaqueros de TV Rawhide. Interpretando a Rowdy Yates, segundo al mando del capataz Eric Fleming, Eastwood se deslizó perfectamente en el papel de un joven vaquero exaltado. Su personaje maduró en el transcurso de las ocho temporadas del programa, con Yates asumiendo el mando como capataz hacia el final.

En la década de 1960, Eastwood viajó a Italia para protagonizar en un trío de películas de vaqueros de Sergio Leone. El papel tomado por Eastwood - el frío, lacónico 'Hombre sin Nombre' - había sido rechazado por James Coburn y Charles Bronson. El trío de películas incluyó Un Puñado de Dólares de 1964, (una nueva versión del clasico Yojimbo de Akira Kurosawa), Por Unos Dólares Más (1965), y El Bueno, el Feo y el Malo (1966). Apodados ' spaghetti westerns' por su producción italiana, estas películas ganaron una fama mundial y Eastwood se hizo conocido internacionalmente.

Aclamado actor y director en los Estados Unidos, Eastwood estableció su propia empresa de producción, Malpaso, y otra vez asumió el papel de un vaquero de tipo duro con Hang 'Em High (1968). Aunque podría diversificarse en otros géneros y papeles de cine, Eastwood participaría a numerosos westerns populares, incluyendo El fuera de la ley (1973), El forajido Josey Wales(1976) y El jinete pálido (1985).

En 1971, Eastwood protagonizó en su debut en dirección, El escalofrío en la noche, que generó crítica favorable. Tambien ese año, asumió el personaje de Harry Callahan, un policía discutible de San Francisco, en Harry el sucio. La película violenta y áspera resultó ser inmensamente popular entre el público, generando finalmente las secuelas, Harry el fuerte (1973), Harry el ejecutor (1976), Impacto súbito (1983), y La lista negra (1988).

Durante este período, Eastwood también tomó desvíos hacia papeles de comedia, encabezando Un botín de 500.000 dólares (1974), junto a Jeff Bridges, y Duro de pelar (1978), junto a un orangután. En una intervención más seria y notable, también interpretó al convicto de la vida real Frank Lee Morris en La fuga de Alcatraz (1979).

Eastwood disfrutó su amor de la música de jazz cuando dirigió el biopic de Charlie Parker, Bird (1988) que obtuvo buena crítica. Tambien ganó elogios por su dirección y su papel protagónico en el western de 1992, Sin perdón, que ganó los premios de la Academy por la mejor película y mejor director. Los siguientes proyectos de dirección y actuación incluyeron, Un mundo perfecto (1993), Los puentes de Madison (1995), Poder absoluto (1997) y Ejecución inminente (1999).

En agosto de 2000 se estrenó otro proyecto de dirección y actuación de Eastwood, Jinetes del espacio, con James Garner, Donald Sutherland y Tommy Lee Jones como coprotagonistas. En 2003, centró sus esfuerzos detrás de la cámara para dirigir y marcar Mystic River. Esta película inquietante, acerca de amigos de infancia entrelaza con una investigación de asesinato, ganó los Academy Awards para los actores Sean Penn y Tim Robbins. Esto mismo año, Eastwood fue honorado con el premio por su trabajo de toda la vida por la Screen Actors Guild.

En 2004, Eastwood aportó otro logro emblemático con "Million Dollar Baby", protagonizando a un envejecido entrenador de boxeo. La poderosa película arrasó en el circuito de premios, ganando los premios a mejor película y mejor director de la Academia para Eastwood, así como los premios Oscar para los actores Hilary Swank y Morgan Freeman.

En 2006, Eastwood dirigió dos dramas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Banderas de nuestros padres y Cartas desde Iwo Jima. Estas películas complementarias vieron el conflicto desde dos perspectivas claramente diferentes: Banderas de nuestros padres explora el lado estadounidense, contando la historia de los esfuerzos de un hombre para saber más sobre la implicación de su padre en el izamiento de la bandera estadounidense en Iwo Jima, un momento capturado en una fotografía ganadora del Premio Pulitzer. La película contó con varios actores jóvenes de Hollywood, entre ellos Ryan Phillippe, Jesse Bradford y Paul Walker.

A partir de la correspondencia encontrada en el campo de batalla de la isla, Cartas desde Iwo Jima analiza las experiencias de los soldados japoneses durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Si bien ambas películas obtuvieron grandes elogios, Cartas desde Iwo Jima obtuvo cuatro nominaciones a los premios de la Academia, incluyendo a mejor película y mejor director.

Lo siguiente, para Eastwood, fue el thriller dramático familiar El intercambio de 2008, protagonizado por Angelina Jolie como la madre de un niño secuestrado. El personaje de Jolie en la película, que se basa en una historia real, sospecha que el niño que le devuelven, de hecho, no es su hijo. Siguieron varios proyectos de dirección ampliamente aclamados, incluyendo Gran Torino en 2008 (que Eastwood también protagonizó) Invictus en 2009 (protagonizada por Matt Damon y Freeman como Nelson Mandela) y J. Edgar, en 2011 que interpretó Leonardo DiCaprio como el controvertido ex director del FBI J. Edgar Hoover

Eastwood dirigió dos películas que se estrenaron en 2014: adaptó el musical de Broadway Jersey Boys sobre el ascenso a la fama de Frankie Valli y Four Seasons. Siguió con un éxito de taquilla, la película biográfica American Sniper, que describe la carrera y la vida familiar del agente de Navy SEAL, Chris Kyle, y obtuvo un montón de nominaciones al Oscar.

Eastwood next got behind the camera for another biopic, Sully. Released in 2016, the film follows the heroic actions of pilot Chesley Sullenberger, who landed a troubled plane safely on the Hudson River in 2009. Sully earned widespread praise for both Eastwood and its star, Tom Hanks.

Political Career and Activism Along with his highly successful Hollywood career, Eastwood has tried his hand at politics. In 1986 he was elected mayor of Carmel, California, and served two years.

Eastwood is also known for being outspoken about his political views. Although he registered as a Republican early in his career, he has embraced Democratic support of gun-control laws and same-sex marriage, and in recent years has portrayed himself as a Libertarian.

The actor made headlines when he spoke at the 2012 Republican National Convention in support of its candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. During his narrative, Eastwood addressed an empty chair next to him, which seated an imaginary President Barack Obama, and said it was time for him to step aside. At one point during the unusual speech, Eastwood pretended that Obama was speaking to him: "What do you want me to tell Romney?" he asked the chair. "I can't tell him to do that. I can't tell him to do that to himself."

Personal Life Married twice, Eastwood has also been involved in several high-profile affairs. He was married to Maggie Johnson from 1953 to 1984, with whom he had two children, Kyle (b. 1968) and Alison (1972). During that time, he also had daughter Kimber (1964) with Rawhide stuntwoman Roxanne Tunis.

Beginning in 1975, Eastwood became romantically involved with co-star Sondra Locke, a relationship that ended bitterly with a palimony suit in 1989. While still living with Locke, he had two children with Jacelyn Reeves, Scott (1986) and Kathryn (1988). He and actress Frances Fisher had a daughter, Francesca Ruth, in 1993. Around that time, reports surfaced of another Eastwood daughter, born just before the start of his Hollywood career.

In 1996, Eastwood married Dina Ruiz, a 30-year-old TV newscaster, who gave birth to daughter Morgan in December. The couple separated in 2013, and their divorce was finalized in late 2014. A few months later, Eastwood went public with his new girlfriend, restaurant hostess Christina Sandera.
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He has one younger sister, Jeanne.
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In 1958, Eastwood scored his big break with a major part in the TV Western Rawhide.
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In 2003, he focused his energy behind the camera to direct and score Mystic River.
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That same year, Eastwood was honored with the Life Achievement Award by the Screen Actors Guild.
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In 2006, Eastwood directed two World War II dramas, Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima.
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Eastwood next got behind the camera for another biopic, Sully.
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Eastwood is also known for being outspoken about his political views.
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he asked the chair.
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"I can't tell him to do that.
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I can't tell him to do that to himself."
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1968) and Alison (1972).
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He and actress Frances Fisher had a daughter, Francesca Ruth, in 1993.
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Clint Eastwood Biography
Director, Actor (1930–)

Clint Eastwood made his name as a popular TV and film actor, and went on to become the Academy Award-winning director of such features as 'Unforgiven' and 'Million Dollar Baby.'
Synopsis
Born on May 31, 1930, in San Francisco, California, Clint Eastwood got his big break with a starring role on the television program Rawhide. He then became immensely popular by portraying tough characters in a string of Sergio Leone movie Westerns and the Dirty Harry franchise. Eastwood has since earned widespread praise for directing such Academy Award–winning films as Unforgiven, Mystic River and Million Dollar Baby.

Early Life and Career
Actor, director and producer Clint Eastwood was born Clinton Eastwood Jr. on May 31, 1930, to Clinton Sr. and Ruth Eastwood, in San Francisco, California. He has one younger sister, Jeanne. After traveling and looking for work throughout California during the Depression, the family settled in the Bay Area city of Piedmont. Eastwood attended Piedmont High School and then Oakland Technical High School, graduating in 1949.

Eastwood worked odd jobs during and after high school, with stints as a hay baler, logger, truck driver and steel-furnace stoker. In 1950, he was drafted into the U.S. Army and stationed at Fort Ord on the Monterey Peninsula, where he served as a swimming instructor.

After his discharge in 1953, Eastwood wound his way down to Los Angeles, where he took classes at Los Angeles City College and worked at a gas station. Tall and handsome, he landed a screen test with Universal and signed a contract despite minimal acting experience. His first roles were bit parts in films like Revenge of the Creature and Francis in the Navy, both released in 1955.

In 1958, Eastwood scored his big break with a major part in the TV Western Rawhide. Playing Rowdy Yates, second in command to Eric Fleming's trail boss, Eastwood slid seamlessly into the role of a hotheaded young cowboy. His character matured over the course of the program's eight seasons, with Yates taking over as trail boss toward the end.

In the 1960s, Eastwood traveled to Italy to star in a trio of Westerns directed by Sergio Leone. The role Eastwood took—the cool, laconic "Man with No Name"—had been turned down by James Coburn and Charles Bronson. The trio of films included 1964's A Fistful Of Dollars (a remake of the Akira Kurosawa classic Yojimbo), For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). Nicknamed "spaghetti Westerns" due to their Italian production, these films gained worldwide popularity, and Eastwood became internationally known.

Acclaimed Actor and Director
Back in the United States, Eastwood set up his own production company, Malpaso, and again took on the role of a tough-guy cowboy with Hang 'Em High (1968). Though he would quickly branch out into other genres and filmmaking roles, Eastwood would be involved with numerous popular Westerns, including High Plains Drifter (1973), The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976) and Pale Rider (1985).

In 1971, Eastwood starred in his directing debut, Play Misty For Me, which generated favorable reviews. Also that year, he took on the character of Harry Callahan, a contentious San Francisco cop, for Dirty Harry. The gritty, violent film proved immensely popular with the public, eventually spawning the sequels Magnum Force (1973), The Enforcer (1976), Sudden Impact (1983) and The Dead Pool (1988).

During this period, Eastwood also took detours into comedic roles, headlining Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974), alongside Jeff Bridges, and Every Which Way but Loose (1978), alongside an orangutan. In a more serious and notable appearance, he also portrayed real-life convict Frank Lee Morris in Escape from Alcatraz (1979).

Eastwood indulged his love of jazz music when he directed the Charlie Parker biopic Bird (1988), which garnered critical acclaim. He also earned accolades for directing and starring in the 1992 western Unforgiven, which won the Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director. Subsequent acting-directing projects included A Perfect World (1993), The Bridges of Madison County (1995), Absolute Power (1997) and True Crime (1999).

August of 2000 saw the release of yet another directorial and acting project for Eastwood, Space Cowboys, with co-stars James Garner, Donald Sutherland and Tommy Lee Jones. In 2003, he focused his energy behind the camera to direct and score Mystic River. This haunting film, about former childhood friends intertwined in a murder investigation, earned Academy Awards for stars Sean Penn and Tim Robbins. That same year, Eastwood was honored with the Life Achievement Award by the Screen Actors Guild.

In 2004, Eastwood delivered another signature achievement with Million Dollar Baby, starring as an aging boxing trainer. The powerful film cleaned up on the awards circuit, earning Best Picture and Best Director Academy Awards for Eastwood, as well as Oscars for actors Hilary Swank and Morgan Freeman.

In 2006, Eastwood directed two World War II dramas, Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima. These companion films viewed the conflict from two distinctly different perspectives: Flags of Our Fathers explores the American side, telling the story of one man's efforts to learn more about his father's involvement in the raising of the American flag at Iwo Jima—a moment captured in a Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph. The film featured a number of young Hollywood actors, including Ryan Phillippe, Jesse Bradford and Paul Walker.

Drawing from correspondence found on that island battlefield, Letters from Iwo Jima looks at the experiences of Japanese soldiers during World War II. While both films earned wide praise, Letters from Iwo Jima garnered four Academy Award nominations, including for Best Picture and Best Director.

Next for Eastwood was the 2008 family dramatic thriller Changeling, which starred Angelina Jolie as a mother of a kidnapped child. Jolie's character in the film—which is based on a true story—suspects that the child who is returned to her is not, in fact, her son. Several widely acclaimed directorial projects followed, including 2008's Gran Torino (in which Eastwood also starred) 2009's Invictus (starring Matt Damon and Freeman as Nelson Mandela) and 2011's J. Edgar, which featured Leonardo DiCaprio as the controversial former FBI director J. Edgar Hoover.

Eastwood directed two films that were released in 2014: He adapted Jersey Boys from the Broadway musical about the rise to fame of Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons. He followed that biopic with the box office hit American Sniper, which depicts the career and family life of Navy SEAL operative Chris Kyle and earned a slew of Oscar nominations.

Eastwood next got behind the camera for another biopic, Sully. Released in 2016, the film follows the heroic actions of pilot Chesley Sullenberger, who landed a troubled plane safely on the Hudson River in 2009. Sully earned widespread praise for both Eastwood and its star, Tom Hanks.

Political Career and Activism
Along with his highly successful Hollywood career, Eastwood has tried his hand at politics. In 1986 he was elected mayor of Carmel, California, and served two years.

Eastwood is also known for being outspoken about his political views. Although he registered as a Republican early in his career, he has embraced Democratic support of gun-control laws and same-sex marriage, and in recent years has portrayed himself as a Libertarian.

The actor made headlines when he spoke at the 2012 Republican National Convention in support of its candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. During his narrative, Eastwood addressed an empty chair next to him, which seated an imaginary President Barack Obama, and said it was time for him to step aside. At one point during the unusual speech, Eastwood pretended that Obama was speaking to him: "What do you want me to tell Romney?" he asked the chair. "I can't tell him to do that. I can't tell him to do that to himself."

Personal Life
Married twice, Eastwood has also been involved in several high-profile affairs. He was married to Maggie Johnson from 1953 to 1984, with whom he had two children, Kyle (b. 1968) and Alison (1972). During that time, he also had daughter Kimber (1964) with Rawhide stuntwoman Roxanne Tunis.

Beginning in 1975, Eastwood became romantically involved with co-star Sondra Locke, a relationship that ended bitterly with a palimony suit in 1989. While still living with Locke, he had two children with Jacelyn Reeves, Scott (1986) and Kathryn (1988). He and actress Frances Fisher had a daughter, Francesca Ruth, in 1993. Around that time, reports surfaced of another Eastwood daughter, born just before the start of his Hollywood career.

In 1996, Eastwood married Dina Ruiz, a 30-year-old TV newscaster, who gave birth to daughter Morgan in December. The couple separated in 2013, and their divorce was finalized in late 2014. A few months later, Eastwood went public with his new girlfriend, restaurant hostess Christina Sandera.