en-de  The Story of Abraham Lincoln: by James Baldwin, Part 8+9 Easy
Der Black-Hawk-Krieg.

Im Westen gab es immer noch zahlreiche Indianer. Die Sac-Indianer hatten kürzlich ihr Land im nördlichen Illinois an die Vereinigten Staaten verkauft. Sie waren dann über den Mississippi gezogen, zu anderen Gebieten, die für sie abseits festgelegt worden waren.

Aber sie mochten ihre neue Heimat nicht. Zuletzt entschieden sie sich, zu ihren alten Jagdgründen zurückzugehen. Sie wurden von einem Häuptling angeführt, dessen Name Black Hawk war; und sie begannen damit, die weißen Siedler zu töten und ihre Häuser und gesamte Ernte niederzubrennen.

Das war im Frühling 1832.

Der ganze Staat Illinois war in Alarmbereischaft. Der Gouverneur berief Freiwillige ein, um den Soldaten der Vereinigten Staaten zu helfen, die Indianer zurückzutreiben.

Abraham Lincoln rückte ein. Seine Kompanie wählte ihn zum Kapitän.

Er wusste überhaupt nichts über militärische Taktiken. Er wusste nicht, wie man seinen Männern Befehle gibt. Aber er gab sein Bestes und lernte sehr viel aus Erfahrung.

Seine Kompanie marschierte nach Norden und nach Westen, bis sie an den Fluss Mississippi kamen. Aber sie trafen keine Indianer, und so gab es keinen Kampf.

Die jungen Männer unter Kapitän Lincoln waren grobe Burschen aus den Prärien und Hinterwäldern. Sie waren in ihren Umgangsformen rau und schwer zu steuern. Aber sie hatten sehr großen Respekt für ihren Kapitän.

Vielleicht war das wegen seiner großen Strenge und seinen Fähigkeiten im Ringen, da er den rauesten und stärksten von ihnen auf den Rücken legen konnte. Vielleicht auch, weil er gutmütig und freundlich war und gleichzeitig sehr fest und bestimmend.

In ein paar Wochen, neigte sich die Zeit, für die die Kompanie angeworben worden war, dem Ende zu. Die jungen Männer waren es müde, Soldaten zu sein; und deshalb waren alle, außer Captain Lincoln und einem Mann, froh nach Hause zu eilen.

Aber Captain Lincoln gab niemals auf halbem Wege auf. Er verpflichtete sich wieder. Dieses Mal war er Soldat in einer Kompanie berittener Ranger.

Das Hauptlager der Freiwilligen und Soldaten lag am Ufer des Rock River, im Norden von Illinois.

Hier sah Abraham Lincoln eines Tages einen jungen Armeeleutnant der Vereinigten Staaten, dessen Name Jefferson Davis war. Es ist nicht wahrscheinlich, dass der schöne, junge Offizier den grob gekleideten Ranger bemerkte; aber sie sollten in Zukunft mehr voneinander kennenlernen.

Drei Wochen danach war der Krieg zu Ende. Die Indianer waren in einer Schlacht geschlagen und Black Hawk war gefangen genommen worden.

Aber Abraham Lincoln war bei keiner Schlacht dabei gewesen. Er hatte noch nie Indianer gesehen, außer friedliche.

Im Juni wurde die Kompanie aufgelöst und er kehrte nach New Salem zurück.

Da war er dreiundzwanzig Jahre alt.

Im Parlament

Als Abraham Lincoln zurück nach Salem kam, war es beinahe Zeit für die Landtagswahl. Die Leute der Stadt und der Nachbarschaft wollten ihn ins Parlament schicken, und er war einverstanden, zu kandidieren.

Es war in Pappsville, zwölf Meilen von Springfield entfernt, wo er seine erste Wahlkampfrede hielt.

Er sagte: "Männer und Mitbürger - Ich nehme an, Sie wissen alle, wer ich bin.

Ich bin einfach Abraham Lincoln. Ich bin von meinen Freunden gebeten worden, Kandidat für das Parlament zu werden.

Meine Politik ist kurz und bündig.

Ich setze mich für eine Nationalbank, für das innenpolitische Verbesserungssystem und für einen hohen Schutzzoll ein.

Das sind meine Ansichten und politischen Grundsätze. Wenn ich gewählt werde, werde ich dankbar sein, wenn nicht, wird es dasselbe sein."

Er war ein großer, schlaksiger, rau aussehender Kerl. Er war mit einem plumpen Anzug aus selbstgewebtem Stoff bekleidet, der ziemlich abgetragen war.

Ein paar Tage später hielt er eine längere und bessere Rede in Springfield.

Aber er wurde nicht gewählt.

Zu dieser Zeit überredete ein nichtsnutziger Kerl, dessen Name Berry war, Mr. Lincoln, ihm zu helfen, einen Laden in New Salem zu kaufen. Mr. Lincoln hatte kein Geld, aber er gab Schuldscheine für den Wert der halben Güter.

Das Unternehmen war nicht gewinnbringend. In wenigen Monaten wurde der Laden verkauft; aber Abraham bekam nicht einen Dollar dafür. Es dauerte sechs Jahre, bis er die Schuldscheine, für die er gebürgt hatte, abbezahlen konnte.

Während dieser ganzen Zeit gab Mr. Lincoln seine Idee, Anwalt zu werden, nicht auf. Er kaufte eine gebrauchte Ausgabe von "Blackstones Kommentare" bei einer Auktion. Er lernte so fleißig darin, dass er das Ganze in wenigen Wochen beherrschte.

Er kaufte ein altes Formularbuch und fing an, Verträge, Urkunden und alle möglichen juristischen Schriften aufzusetzen.

Er würde oft zu Fuß in das vierzehn Meilen entfernte Springfield gehen, um ein Buch auszuleihen und er würde auf dem Heimweg dreißig bis vierzig Seiten davon bewältigen.

Bald begann er als Anwalt vor Friedensrichtern und vor ländlichen Geschworenen im kleinen Rahmen zu praktizieren. Er wurde in New Salem als Leiter einer Poststelle ernannt, aber es kam so wenig Post an den Ort, dass das Büro bald eingestellt wurde.

Er war fast fünfundzwanzig Jahre alt. Aber bei all seinem Fleiß konnte er kaum genug Geld verdienen, um seine Verpflegung und Kleidung zu bezahlen.

Während er in Indiana lebte, hatte er ein wenig über Vermessung gelernt. Nun nahm er das Studium wieder auf und wurde bald zum stellvertretenden Landvermesser des Bezirkes Sangamon berufen.

Er war als Landvermesser sehr geschickt. Er war sehr genau und machte niemals Fehler, obwohl seine Messkette nur eine Weinrebe war.

Im folgenden Jahr war er erneut ein Kandidat für die Parlamentswahl. Dieses Mal waren die Leute bereit, für ihn zu stimmen und er wurde gewählt. Es war keine kleine Sache für so einen jungen Mann, ausgewählt zu sein, bei der Gesetzgebung seines Staates zu helfen.

Niemand hatte je geringere Vorteile als Abraham Lincoln. Als Junge war er der Ärmste der Armen. Kein reicher Freund reichte ihm eine helfende Hand. Aber sehen Sie, was er schon durch Mut, Durchhaltevermögen und Redlichkeit erreicht hatte!

Er hatte auf viele Bücher keine Zugriffsmöglichkeit gehabt, aber er kannte Bücher besser, als die meisten Männer seines Alters. Er kannte die Bibel auswendig; er war mit Shakespeare vertraut; er konnte nahezu alle Gedichte von Burns wiederholen; er wusste viel über Physik und Mechanik; er hatte die Grundlagen der Rechtswissenschaft gemeistert.

Er war sehr unbeholfen und weit entfernt von attraktiv, aber er war so bescheiden, so uneigennützig und freundlich, dass jeder ihn mochte, der ihn kannte. Er war ein wahrer Gentleman - ein Gentleman des Herzens, wenn auch nicht nach äußerlichem Schein.

Und so wurde Abraham Lincoln, wie ich bereits sagte, im Alter von fünfundzwanzig ins Staatsparlament gewählt. Er diente den Menschen so gut, dass, als seine Amtszeit zuende war, sie ihn für eine weitere Amtszeit zurücksandten.

Die Hauptstadt von Illinois war bisher Vandalia gewesen. Mr. Lincoln und seinen Freunden gelang es nun, ein Gesetz zu verabschieden, sie zu Springfield zu bringen. Springfield lag näher am Zentrum des Landes; es war für jeden komfortabler und hatte andere Vorteile, die Vandalia nicht hatte.

Die Menschen von Springfield waren so erfreut, dass sie Mr. Lincoln drängten, als Anwalt dorthin zu kommen. Ein älterer Anwalt, der John T. Stuart hieß und über bewährte Verfahrensweisen verfügte, bot ihm an, mit ihm zusammenzuarbeiten.

Und so verließ Abraham Lincoln New Salem im Jahre 1837 und zog nach Springfield um. Er hatte nicht viel zu transportieren. Alle Sachen, die er auf der Welt hatte, waren ein paar Kleidungsstücke und zwei oder drei Gesetzesbücher, die er in einem Satteltaschenpaar transportierte. Er hatte kein Geld und ritt auf einem geliehenen Pferd nach Springfield.

Er war damals 28 Jahre alt.

Von dieser Zeit an war Springfield sein Zuhause.
unit 1
The Black Hawk War.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months, 1 week ago
unit 2
There were still a good many Indians in the West.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
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But they did not like their new home.
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unit 6
At last they made up their minds to go back to their former hunting-grounds.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 8
This was in the spring of 1832.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 9
The whole state of Illinois was in alarm.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 11
Abraham Lincoln enlisted.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 12
His company elected him captain.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 13
He did not know anything about military tactics.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 14
He did not know how to give orders to his men.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 15
But he did the best that he could, and learned a great deal by experience.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 16
His company marched northward and westward until they came to the Mississippi river.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 17
But they did not meet any Indians, and so there was no fighting.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 18
unit 19
They were rough in their manners, and hard to control.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 20
But they had very high respect for their captain.
1 Translations, 0 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 23
In a few weeks the time for which the company had enlisted came to an end.
1 Translations, 0 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 25
But Captain Lincoln never gave up anything half done.
1 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 26
He enlisted again.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 27
This time he was a private in a company of mounted rangers.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 31
Three weeks after that the war was at an end.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 32
The Indians had been beaten in a battle, and Black Hawk had been taken prisoner.
1 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 33
But Abraham Lincoln had not been in any fight.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 34
He had not seen any Indians, except peaceable ones.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 35
In June his company was mustered out, and he returned home to New Salem.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 36
He was then twenty-three years old.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 37
In the Legislature.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 38
unit 41
He said: "Gentlemen and fellow-citizens— "I presume you all know who I am.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 42
"I am humble Abraham Lincoln.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 43
I have been solicited by my friends to become a candidate for the legislature.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 44
"My politics are short and sweet.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 46
"These are my sentiments and political principles.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 47
If elected, I shall be thankful; if not, it will be all the same."
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 48
He was a tall, gawky, rough-looking fellow.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 49
He was dressed in a coarse suit of homespun, much the worse for wear.
2 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 50
A few days after that, he made a longer and better speech at Springfield.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 51
But he was not elected.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 53
Mr. Lincoln had no money, but he gave his notes for the value of half the goods.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 54
The venture was not a profitable one.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 55
In a few months the store was sold; but Abraham did not receive a dollar for it.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 56
It was six years before he was able to pay off the notes which he had given.
3 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 57
During all this time Mr. Lincoln did not give up the idea of being a lawyer.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 58
He bought a second-hand copy of _Blackstone's Commentaries_ at auction.
2 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 59
He studied it so diligently that in a few weeks he had mastered the whole of it.
2 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 62
unit 64
He was nearly twenty-five years old.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 66
He had learned a little about surveying while living in Indiana.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 67
unit 68
He was very skilful as a surveyor.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 69
unit 70
The next year he was again a candidate for the legislature.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 71
This time the people were ready to vote for him, and he was elected.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 72
unit 73
No man ever had fewer advantages than Abraham Lincoln.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 74
As a boy, he was the poorest of the poor.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 75
No rich friend held out a helping hand.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 76
But see what he had already accomplished by pluck, perseverance, and honesty!
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 77
unit 80
He was a true gentleman—a gentleman at heart, if not in outside polish.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 83
The capital of Illinois had, up to this time, been at Vandalia.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 88
And so, in 1837, Abraham Lincoln left New Salem and removed to Springfield.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 89
He did not have much to move.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 91
He had no money, and he rode into Springfield on a borrowed horse.
2 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 92
He was then twenty-eight years old.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
unit 93
From that time on, Springfield was his home.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 8 months ago
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The Black Hawk War.

There were still a good many Indians in the West. The Sac Indians had lately sold their lands in northern Illinois to the United States. They had then moved across the Mississippi river, to other lands that had been set apart for them.

But they did not like their new home. At last they made up their minds to go back to their former hunting-grounds. They were led by a chief whose name was Black Hawk; and they began by killing the white settlers and burning their houses and crops.

This was in the spring of 1832.

The whole state of Illinois was in alarm. The governor called for volunteers to help the United States soldiers drive the Indians back.

Abraham Lincoln enlisted. His company elected him captain.

He did not know anything about military tactics. He did not know how to give orders to his men. But he did the best that he could, and learned a great deal by experience.

His company marched northward and westward until they came to the Mississippi river. But they did not meet any Indians, and so there was no fighting.

The young men under Captain Lincoln were rude fellows from the prairies and backwoods. They were rough in their manners, and hard to control. But they had very high respect for their captain.

Perhaps this was because of his great strength, and his skill in wrestling; for he could put the roughest and strongest of them on their backs. Perhaps it was because he was good-natured and kind, and, at the same time, very firm and decisive.

In a few weeks the time for which the company had enlisted came to an end. The young men were tired of being soldiers; and so all, except Captain Lincoln and one man, were glad to hurry home.

But Captain Lincoln never gave up anything half done. He enlisted again. This time he was a private in a company of mounted rangers.

The main camp of the volunteers and soldiers was on the banks of the Rock river, in northern Illinois.

Here, one day, Abraham Lincoln saw a young lieutenant of the United States army, whose name was Jefferson Davis. It is not likely that the fine young officer noticed the rough-clad ranger; but they were to know more of each other at a future time.

Three weeks after that the war was at an end. The Indians had been beaten in a battle, and Black Hawk had been taken prisoner.

But Abraham Lincoln had not been in any fight. He had not seen any Indians, except peaceable ones.

In June his company was mustered out, and he returned home to New Salem.

He was then twenty-three years old.

In the Legislature.

When Abraham Lincoln came back to New Salem it was nearly time for the state election. The people of the town and neighborhood wanted to send him to the legislature, and he agreed to be a candidate.

It was at Pappsville, twelve miles from Springfield, that he made his first campaign speech.

He said: "Gentlemen and fellow-citizens—

"I presume you all know who I am.

"I am humble Abraham Lincoln. I have been solicited by my friends to become a candidate for the legislature.

"My politics are short and sweet.

"I am in favor of a national bank; am in favor of the internal improvement system, and a high protective tariff.

"These are my sentiments and political principles. If elected, I shall be thankful; if not, it will be all the same."

He was a tall, gawky, rough-looking fellow. He was dressed in a coarse suit of homespun, much the worse for wear.

A few days after that, he made a longer and better speech at Springfield.

But he was not elected.

About this time a worthless fellow, whose name was Berry, persuaded Mr. Lincoln to help him buy a store in New Salem. Mr. Lincoln had no money, but he gave his notes for the value of half the goods.

The venture was not a profitable one. In a few months the store was sold; but Abraham did not receive a dollar for it. It was six years before he was able to pay off the notes which he had given.

During all this time Mr. Lincoln did not give up the idea of being a lawyer. He bought a second-hand copy of _Blackstone's Commentaries_ at auction. He studied it so diligently that in a few weeks he had mastered the whole of it.

He bought an old form-book, and began to draw up contracts, deeds, and all kinds of legal papers.

He would often walk to Springfield, fourteen miles away, to borrow a book; and he would master thirty or forty pages of it while returning home.

Soon he began to practice in a small way before justices of the peace and country juries. He was appointed postmaster at New Salem, but so little mail came to the place that the office was soon discontinued.

He was nearly twenty-five years old. But, with all his industry, he could hardly earn money enough to pay for his board and clothing.

He had learned a little about surveying while living in Indiana. He now took up the study again, and was soon appointed deputy surveyor of Sangamon county.

He was very skilful as a surveyor. Although his chain was only a grape-vine, he was very accurate and never made mistakes.

The next year he was again a candidate for the legislature. This time the people were ready to vote for him, and he was elected. It was no small thing for so young a man to be chosen to help make the laws of his state.

No man ever had fewer advantages than Abraham Lincoln. As a boy, he was the poorest of the poor. No rich friend held out a helping hand. But see what he had already accomplished by pluck, perseverance, and honesty!

He had not had access to many books, but he knew books better than most men of his age. He knew the Bible by heart; he was familiar with Shakespeare; he could repeat nearly all the poems of Burns; he knew much about physics and mechanics; he had mastered the elements of law.

He was very awkward and far from handsome, but he was so modest, so unselfish and kind, that every one who knew him liked him. He was a true gentleman—a gentleman at heart, if not in outside polish.

And so, as I have already said, Abraham Lincoln, at the age of twenty-five, was elected to the state legislature. He served the people so well that when his term closed, two years later, they sent him back for another term.

The capital of Illinois had, up to this time, been at Vandalia. Mr. Lincoln and his friends now succeeded in having a law passed to remove it to Springfield. Springfield was nearer to the centre of the state; it was more convenient to everybody, and had other advantages which Vandalia did not have.

The people of Springfield were so delighted that they urged Mr. Lincoln to come there and practice law. An older lawyer, whose name was John T. Stuart, and who had a good practice, offered to take him in partnership with him.

And so, in 1837, Abraham Lincoln left New Salem and removed to Springfield. He did not have much to move. All the goods that he had in the world were a few clothes, which he carried in a pair of saddle-bags, and two or three law books. He had no money, and he rode into Springfield on a borrowed horse.

He was then twenty-eight years old.

From that time on, Springfield was his home.