en-de  The Story of Abraham Lincoln: by James Baldwin, Part 10+11 Easy
Politik und Heirat

Im Jahr nach seinem Umzug nach Springfield wurde Mr Lincoln zum dritten Mal in das Repräsentantenhaus gewählt.

Es gab damals in diesem Staat zwei große politische Parteien, die Demokraten und die Whigs. Mr Lincoln war ein Whig und wurde bald der Anführer seiner Partei im Staat. Aber die Whigs waren nicht so stark wie die Demokraten.

Das Repräsentantenhaus tagte nur einige Wochen im Jahr, und deshalb konnte Mr Lincoln den Rest der Zeit der Tätigkeit als Rechtsanwalt widmen. Es gab viele fähige Rechtsanwälte in Illinois; aber Abe Lincoln aus Springfield wurde bald als einer der Besten von ihnen bekannt.

Im Jahr 1840 wurde er wieder ins Parlament gewählt. Das war das Jahr, in dem General William H. Harrison zum Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten gewählt wurde. General Harrison war ein Whig; und Mr. Lincolns Name stand für das Wahlmännergremium dieses Staates für die Whigs auf der Liste.

Der Präsidentschaftswahlkampf war einer der spannendsten, die man jemals gekannt hatte. Er wurde "Log Cabin Campaign" (Blockhaus-Kampagne) genannt, weil General Harrison in einem Blockhaus lebte und seine Gegner über seine Armut gespottet hatten.

Sowohl im Osten wie im Westen war die Spannung sehr groß. In jeder Stadt, Kleinstadt und Ortschaft, wo auch immer ein Treffen stattfand, fand sich eine Blockhütte. Auf einer Seite der niedrigen Tür hing ein langstieliger Flaschenkürbis; auf der anderen Seite war ein Waschbärfell an die Stämme genagelt, der blaue Rauch stieg von der Spitze des quadratischen Kamins aus Rundhölzern und Lehm auf.

Sie können glauben, dass Abraham Lincoln von ganzem Herzen in diesen Wahlkampf zog. Er bereiste einen Teil des Staates und hielt Wahlreden für seine Partei.

Einer seiner fähigsten Gegner war ein junger Anwalt, nicht ganz sein Alter, dessen Name Stephen A. Douglas war. Wähend dieses Wahlkampfes trafen sich Lincoln und Douglas an vielen Orten in öffentlichen Diskussionen über die Fragen des Tages. Und beide waren so scharfsinnig, so gut informiert und so redegewandt, dass die, die sie hörten, unfähig waren zu entscheiden, wer der Großartigere der beiden war.

General Harrison wurde gewählt, aber nicht durch die Hilfe von Mr. Lincoln; weil die Abstimmung von Illinois in dem Jahr zugunsten des demokratischen Kandidaten ausging.

1842, als er dreiunddreißig Jahre alt war, heiratete Mr. Lincoln Miss Mary Todd, eine junge Dame aus Kentucky, die vor Kurzem zu Besuch nach Springfield gekommen war.

Nach ihrer Hochzeit lebten Mr. und Mrs. Lincoln einige Zeit in einem Hotel, das "Globe Tavern" (Weltkugel Gasthaus) hieß und zahlten vier Dollar pro Woche für Zimmer und Verpflegung. Aber Mr. Lincoln kaufte 1844 ein kleines, aber gemütliches Holzrahmenhaus und in diesem lebten sie bis sie siebzehn Jahre später ins Weiße Haus gingen.

Obwohl er als junger Rechtsanwalt Erfolg hatte, war er dennoch ein armer Mann. Aber Mrs. Lincoln sagte: "Ich würde eher einen guten Mann heiraten, einen Mann mit Verstand, mit glänzenden Aussichten auf Erfolg, Macht und Ruhm, als einen mit allen Pferden, Häusern und allem Gold der Welt."

Kongressabgeordneter und Anwalt

Im darauffolgenden Jahr wählten ihn die Wahlberechtigten seines Bezirks zu ihrem Kongressabgeordneten. Er nahm seinen Sitz im Dezember ein. Da war er neununddreißig Jahre alt. Er war der einzige Whig aus Illinois.

Zu dieser Zeit gab es viele namhafte Männer im Kongress. Mr. Lincoln's lebenslanger Rivale, Stephen A. Douglas, war einer der Senatoren von Illinois. Er hatte schon eine oder zwei Amtszeiten im Repräsentantenhaus gesessen.

Daniel Webster war auch im Senat; und auch John C. Calhoun, und ebenfalls Jefferson Davis.

Mr. Lincoln hatte ein lebhaftes Interesse an allen Themen, die vor den Kongress kamen. Er hielt viele Reden. Aber vielleicht war das wichtigste, was er zu dieser Zeit tat, einen Gesetzentwurf zur Abschaffung des Sklavenhandels in der Stadt Washington vorzulegen.

Er glaubte, dass Sklaverei ungerecht für die Sklaven und schädlich für die Nation wäre. Er wollte alles tun, damit es nicht noch zu einem größeren Übel wurde. Aber der Gesetzentwurf war so stark entgegengesetzt, dass er nicht einmal abgestimmt wurde.

Nach dem Ende der Amtszeit Mr Lincolns im Kongress, hoffte er, dass Präsident Taylor, der ein Angehöriger der Whig-Partei war, ihn in ein gutes Amt berufen würde. Aber darin wurde er enttäuscht.

Und so kehrte er 1849 in sein Heim nach Springfield zurück und ließ sich wieder als Rechtsanwalt nieder.

Da war er vierzig Jahre alt. Wenn man die Armut seiner Jugend betrachtet, hatte er für sich große Dinge erreicht. Aber er hatte nicht viel für sein Land getan. Außerhalb seines eigenen Staates war sein Name noch unbekannt.

Sein Leben für die nächsten Jahre war wie das jedes anderen erfolgreichen Anwalts im neu besiedelten Westen. Er hatte eine große Kanzlei, aber seine Anwaltshonorare waren sehr niedrig. Sein sich aus diesem Beruf ergebendes Einkommen war selten höher als 2.000 Dollar im Jahr.

Seine Lebensgewohnheiten waren sehr einfach. Er lebte bequem und angesehen. In seinem bescheidenen kleinen Haus herrschte Ordnung und Kultiviertheit, aber kein zur Schau tragen von Luxus.

Ganz gleich, wohin er gehen würde, hätte man Mr. Lincoln als Mann aus dem Westen erkannt. Er war 1,80 m groß. Sein Gesicht war ganz reizlos, aber sehr gütig.

Er war herzlich und zuvorkommend in seinen Umgangsformen. Es gab etwas an ihm, das jedem das Gefühl gab, dass er ein aufrichtiger, ehrlicher, rechtschaffener Mann war. Er war unter seinen Nachbarn als "Ehrlicher Abe Lincoln" bekannt."
unit 1
Politics and Marriage.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 3
There were then, in this country, two great political parties, the Democrats and the Whigs.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 4
Mr. Lincoln was a Whig, and he soon became the leader of his party in the state.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 5
But the Whigs were not so strong as the Democrats.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 8
In 1840, he was again elected to the legislature.
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unit 9
This was the year in which General William H. Harrison was elected president of the United States.
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The presidential campaign was one of the most exciting that had ever been known.
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unit 13
In the East as well as in the West, the excitement was very great.
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unit 14
In every city and town and village, wherever there was a political meeting, a log cabin was seen.
2 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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You may believe that Abraham Lincoln went into this campaign with all his heart.
3 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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He traveled over a part of the state, making stump-speeches for his party.
1 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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Although he had been successful as a young lawyer, Mr. Lincoln was still a poor man.
3 Translations, 8 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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Congressman and Lawyer.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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In the following year the people of his district chose him to be their representative in Congress.
2 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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He took his seat in December.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 3 weeks ago
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He was then thirty-nine years old.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 3 weeks ago
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He was the only Whig from Illinois.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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There were many famous men in Congress at that time.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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Mr. Lincoln's life-long rival, Stephen A. Douglas, was one of the senators from Illinois.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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He had already served a term or two in the House of Representatives.
2 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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Daniel Webster was also in the Senate; and so was John C. Calhoun; and so was Jefferson Davis.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 36
Mr. Lincoln took an active interest in all the subjects that came before Congress.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
unit 37
He made many speeches.
1 Translations, 2 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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He believed that slavery was unjust to the slave and harmful to the nation.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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He wanted to do what he could to keep it from becoming a still greater evil.
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But the bill was opposed so strongly that it was not even voted upon.
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But in this he was disappointed.
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He was then forty years old.
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Considering the poverty of his youth, he had done great things for himself.
1 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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But he had not done much for his country.
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Outside of his own state his name was still unknown.
1 Translations, 4 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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He had a large practice, but his fees were very small.
2 Translations, 3 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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His income from his profession was seldom more than $2,000 a year.
2 Translations, 5 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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His habits were very simple.
1 Translations, 1 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 2 weeks ago
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He lived comfortably and respectably.
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In his modest little home there was an air of order and refinement, but no show of luxury.
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No matter where he might go, Mr. Lincoln would have been known as a Western man.
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He was six feet four inches in height.
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His face was very homely, but very kind.
1 Translations, 0 Upvotes, Last Activity 7 months, 3 weeks ago
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He was cordial and friendly in his manners.
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He was known among his neighbors as "Honest Abe Lincoln."
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Politics and Marriage.

The next year after his removal to Springfield, Mr. Lincoln was elected to the legislature for the third time.

There were then, in this country, two great political parties, the Democrats and the Whigs. Mr. Lincoln was a Whig, and he soon became the leader of his party in the state. But the Whigs were not so strong as the Democrats.

The legislature was in session only a few weeks each year; and so Mr. Lincoln could devote all the rest of the time to the practice of law. There were many able lawyers in Illinois; but Abe Lincoln of Springfield soon made himself known among the best of them.

In 1840, he was again elected to the legislature. This was the year in which General William H. Harrison was elected president of the United States. General Harrison was a Whig; and Mr. Lincoln's name was on the Whig ticket as a candidate for presidential elector in his state.

The presidential campaign was one of the most exciting that had ever been known. It was called the "log cabin" campaign, because General Harrison had lived in a log cabin, and his opponents had sneered at his poverty.

In the East as well as in the West, the excitement was very great. In every city and town and village, wherever there was a political meeting, a log cabin was seen. On one side of the low door hung a long-handled gourd; on the other side, a coon-skin was nailed to the logs, the blue smoke curled up from the top of the stick-and-clay chimney.

You may believe that Abraham Lincoln went into this campaign with all his heart. He traveled over a part of the state, making stump-speeches for his party.

One of his ablest opponents was a young lawyer, not quite his own age, whose name was Stephen A. Douglas. In many places, during this campaign, Lincoln and Douglas met in public debate upon the questions of the day. And both of them were so shrewd, so well informed, and so eloquent, that those who heard them were unable to decide which was the greater of the two.

General Harrison was elected, but not through the help of Mr. Lincoln; for the vote of Illinois that year was for the Democratic candidate.

In 1842, when he was thirty-three years old, Mr. Lincoln was married to Miss Mary Todd, a young lady from Kentucky, who had lately come to Springfield on a visit.

For some time after their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln lived in a hotel called the "Globe Tavern," paying four dollars a week for rooms and board. But, in 1844, Mr. Lincoln bought a small, but comfortable frame house, and in this they lived until they went to the White House, seventeen years later.

Although he had been successful as a young lawyer, Mr. Lincoln was still a poor man. But Mrs. Lincoln said: "I would rather have a good man, a man of mind, with bright prospects for success and power and fame, than marry one with all the horses and houses and gold in the world."

Congressman and Lawyer.

In the following year the people of his district chose him to be their representative in Congress. He took his seat in December. He was then thirty-nine years old. He was the only Whig from Illinois.

There were many famous men in Congress at that time. Mr. Lincoln's life-long rival, Stephen A. Douglas, was one of the senators from Illinois. He had already served a term or two in the House of Representatives.

Daniel Webster was also in the Senate; and so was John C. Calhoun; and so was Jefferson Davis.

Mr. Lincoln took an active interest in all the subjects that came before Congress. He made many speeches. But, perhaps, the most important thing that he did at this time was to propose a bill for the abolition of the slave-trade in the city of Washington.

He believed that slavery was unjust to the slave and harmful to the nation. He wanted to do what he could to keep it from becoming a still greater evil. But the bill was opposed so strongly that it was not even voted upon.

After the close of Mr. Lincoln's term in Congress, he hoped that President Taylor, who was a Whig, might appoint him to a good office. But in this he was disappointed.

And so, in 1849, he returned to his home in Springfield, and again settled down to the practice of law.

He was then forty years old. Considering the poverty of his youth, he had done great things for himself. But he had not done much for his country. Outside of his own state his name was still unknown.

His life for the next few years was like that of any other successful lawyer in the newly-settled West. He had a large practice, but his fees were very small. His income from his profession was seldom more than $2,000 a year.

His habits were very simple. He lived comfortably and respectably. In his modest little home there was an air of order and refinement, but no show of luxury.

No matter where he might go, Mr. Lincoln would have been known as a Western man. He was six feet four inches in height. His face was very homely, but very kind.

He was cordial and friendly in his manners. There was something about him which made everybody feel that he was a sincere, truthful, upright man. He was known among his neighbors as "Honest Abe Lincoln."